How a minority can win: Unrepresentative outcomes in a simple model of voter turnout.

@article{Landgren2021HowAM,
  title={How a minority can win: Unrepresentative outcomes in a simple model of voter turnout.},
  author={Ekaterina Landgren and Jonas L. Juul and Steven H. Strogatz},
  journal={Physical review. E},
  year={2021},
  volume={104 5-1},
  pages={
          054307
        }
}
The outcome of an election depends not only on which candidate is more popular, but also on how many of their voters actually turn out to vote. Here we consider a simple model in which voters abstain from voting if they think their vote would not matter. Specifically, they do not vote if they feel sure their preferred candidate will win anyway (a condition we call complacency), or if they feel sure their candidate will lose anyway (a condition we call dejectedness). The voters reach these… 

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