How Placebo Needles Differ From Placebo Pills?

  title={How Placebo Needles Differ From Placebo Pills?},
  author={Younbyoung Chae and Ye-Seul Lee and Paul Enck},
  booktitle={Front. Psychiatry},
Because acupuncture treatment is defined by the process of needles penetrating the body, placebo needles were originally developed with non-penetrating mechanisms. However, whether placebo needles are valid controls in acupuncture research is subject of an ongoing debate. The present review provides an overview of the characteristics of placebo needles and… CONTINUE READING