How Much Is Enough in a Perfect World? Cultural Variation in Ideal Levels of Happiness, Pleasure, Freedom, Health, Self-Esteem, Longevity, and Intelligence

@article{Hornsey2018HowMI,
  title={How Much Is Enough in a Perfect World? Cultural Variation in Ideal Levels of Happiness, Pleasure, Freedom, Health, Self-Esteem, Longevity, and Intelligence},
  author={M. Hornsey and P. Bain and Emily A Harris and N. Lebedeva and E. Kashima and Yanjun Guan and R. Gonz{\'a}lez and Sylvia Xiaohua Chen and Sheyla Blumen},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2018},
  volume={29},
  pages={1393 - 1404}
}
The maximization principle—that people aspire to the highest possible level of something good if all practical constraints are removed—is a common yet untested assumption about human nature. We predict that in holistic cultures—where contradiction, change, and context are emphasized—ideal states of being for the self will be more moderate than in other cultures. In two studies (Ns = 2,392 and 6,239), we asked this question: If participants could choose their ideal level of happiness, pleasure… Expand

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Can You Ever Be Too Smart for Your Own Good? Comparing Linear and Nonlinear Effects of Cognitive Ability on Life Outcomes.
It Is What You Have, Not What You Lose: Effects of Perceived Gains and Losses on Goal Orientation across Adulthood.
  • X. Gong, A. Freund
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 2020
The interplay of domain-and life satisfaction in predicting life events
Effect of Teachers’ Happiness on Teachers’ Health. The Mediating Role of Happiness at Work
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES
Wanting to maximize the positive and minimize the negative: implications for mixed affective experience in American and Chinese contexts.
Happiness and unhappiness in east and west: themes and variations.
Cultural Differences in Expectations of Change and Tolerance for Contradiction: A Decade of Empirical Research
Is Happiness Having What You Want, Wanting What You Have, or Both?
Self-Discrepancy : A Theory Relating Self and Affect
  • E.
Influence and adjustment goals: sources of cultural differences in ideal affect.
Does culture influence what and how we think? Effects of priming individualism and collectivism.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...