How Mosquito Pupae escape from the Surface

Abstract

MANY insects are known to make use of surface energy effects to allow them to respire at the surface of the water. The outer walls of the respiratory trumpets of mosquito pupae are hydrophil. while the inner lining is hydrophuge1. When the pupae are at the surface the surface film is distorted upwards around the spiracles and the pupae are in a stable… (More)
DOI: 10.1038/229489a0

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