How Linguistic and Cultural Forces Shape Conceptions of Time: English and Mandarin Time in 3D

@article{Fuhrman2011HowLA,
  title={How Linguistic and Cultural Forces Shape Conceptions of Time: English and Mandarin Time in 3D},
  author={Orly Fuhrman and Kelly McCormick and Eva Chen and Heidi Jiang and Dingfang Shu and Shuaimei Mao and Lera Boroditsky},
  journal={Cognitive science},
  year={2011},
  volume={35 7},
  pages={
          1305-28
        }
}
In this paper we examine how English and Mandarin speakers think about time, and we test how the patterns of thinking in the two groups relate to patterns in linguistic and cultural experience. In Mandarin, vertical spatial metaphors are used more frequently to talk about time than they are in English; English relies primarily on horizontal terms. We present results from two tasks comparing English and Mandarin speakers' temporal reasoning. The tasks measure how people spatialize time in three… CONTINUE READING
Highly Cited
This paper has 97 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS

Citations

Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 44 extracted citations

New Space-Time Metaphors Foster New Nonlinguistic Representations

View 7 Excerpts
Method Support
Highly Influenced

The Language-Opinion Connection

View 4 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

97 Citations

01020'13'15'17'19
Citations per Year
Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 97 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

References

Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 45 references

The effects of spatial metaphorical representations of time on cognition

L. Liu, J. Zhang
2009
View 4 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Is the future the right time?

Experimental psychology • 2010
View 1 Excerpt

Moving through time.

Psychological science • 2010
View 1 Excerpt