• Corpus ID: 14913127

How Jews Became Smart : Anti-" Natural History of Ashkenazi Intelligence " l

@inproceedings{Ferguson2008HowJB,
  title={How Jews Became Smart : Anti-" Natural History of Ashkenazi Intelligence " l},
  author={Robert B. Ferguson},
  year={2008}
}
Natural History of Ashkenazi Intelligence (NHAI) provides a novel answer to a longstanding question: why do Jews of Ashkenazi ancestry carry so many recessive genes for harmful conditions? It argues that in heterozygotes, these alleles substantially increase intelligence. For 800 years, Ashkenazi were confined to professions demanding high cognitive skills. Those with the alleles prospered, and had more surviving children, thus selecting for the alleles in the population. This thesis has… 
Eugenics Undefended
TLDR
“Defending Eugenics” seems to advertise itself as engaged in the same sort of enterprise but does little to contribute to meaningful, ongoing debate over eugenics.
FORUM ON THEORY IN ANTHROPOLOGY
  • 2019

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 153 REFERENCES
NATURAL HISTORY OF ASHKENAZI INTELLIGENCE
TLDR
It is proposed that the well-known clusters of Ashkenazi genetic diseases, the sphingolipid cluster and the DNA repair cluster in particular, increase intelligence in heterozygotes, and that if there was a bottleneck then subsequent gene flow from Europeans must have been very large, obliterating the effects of any bottleneck.
INTELLIGENCE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN EUROPEAN AND ORIENTAL JEWS IN ISRAEL
TLDR
A review of studies shows that Oriental Jews in Israel have an average IQ 14 points lower than that of European (largely Ashkenazi) Jews, but it is proposed that this difference can be explained in terms of the Cochran, Hardy and Harpending theory.
Selection in the Ashkenazi Jewish Population Unlikely—Reply to Zlotogora and Bach
TLDR
Geographic distribution of disease mutations in the Ashkenazi Jewish population supports genetic drift over selection and the number of mutations differs between the LSDs and NLSDs, with the LSD's having a higher frequency of secondary mutations.
Smart Jews: The Construction of the Image of Jewish Superior Intelligence
"Smart Jews" addresses one of the most controversial theories of our day: the alleged connection between race (or ethnicity), intelligence, and virtue. Sander Gilman shows that such theories have a
The possibility of a selection process in the Ashkenazi Jewish population.
TLDR
The conclusion of the Risch et al. (2003) analysis of the frequencies of the various inherited disorders that are found in relatively high frequency among Ashkenazi Jews was that the LSDs are not unique in this population and the relatively high prevalence of LSDs stems from a genetic drift, rather than a selection process in favor of the LSDS.
Contrasting patterns of Y chromosome variation in Ashkenazi Jewish and host non-Jewish European populations
TLDR
It is striking that whereas Ashkenazi populations are genetically more diverse at both the SNP and STR level compared with their European non-Jewish counterparts, they have greatly reduced within-haplogroup STR variability, especially in those founder haplogroups that migrated from the Near East.
Some Fundamentals of Jewish Demographic History
A fruitful, intriguing relationship exists between population genetics and historical demography. While the former seeks information on the changing size and geographical distribution of populations
A population-genetic test of founder effects and implications for Ashkenazi Jewish diseases.
  • M. Slatkin
  • Biology
    American journal of human genetics
  • 2004
TLDR
A statistical test of both aspects of the founder-effect hypothesis is developed, and the relatively high frequency of alleles causing four different lysosomal storage disorders, including Tay-Sachs disease and Gaucher disease, can be accounted for if the disease-associated alleles are recessive in their effects on reproductive fitness.
MtDNA evidence for a genetic bottleneck in the early history of the Ashkenazi Jewish population
TLDR
Diversity patterns in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) hypervariable segment 1 (HVS-1) sequence and restriction site polymorphisms in 565 Ashkenazi Jews from different parts of Europe provide evidence for a prolonged period of low effective size in the history of theAshkenazi population.
...
...