How Insurgency Begins

  title={How Insurgency Begins},
  author={Janet I. Lewis},
Do Birds of a Feather Flock Together? Rebel Constituencies and Civil War Alliances
Challenging influential perspectives that downplay the role of shared rebel constituencies, we argue that they represent important causes of rebel alliances. Yet, we theorize distinct effects for
Economic shocks and militant formation
A prominent debate in the civil war literature asks whether commodity price shocks incentivize fighting, but existing analyses find inconsistent results. This paper shows these results arise, in
Factionalisation from Below: The Case of Palestinian Fatah
ABSTRACT This article examines the role of junior cadres in rebel group fragmentation. I argue that in a centralised rebel group factions will emerge when leaders block junior cadres’ access to
Introducing the Anatomy of Resistance Campaigns (ARC) dataset
We introduce the Anatomy of Resistance Campaigns (ARC) dataset, which records information on 1,426 organizations that participated in events of maximalist violent and nonviolent contention in Africa
Power Sharing and Authoritarian Stability: How Rebel Regimes Solve the Guardianship Dilemma
Regimes founded in rebellion are, typically, extremely durable. We propose that this stability is founded upon peaceful power sharing between the rebel regime leader and military elites. Amid long
Explaining the resilience of Boko Haram’s insurgency in the Lake Chad Basin
ABSTRACT Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari continues to insist that Boko Haram has been been ‘technically defeated’, claiming that peace has returned to the Lake Chad Basin. However, reports from
From Chatter to Action: How Social Networks Inform and Motivate in Rural Uganda
From public health to political campaigns, numerous attempts to encourage behavior begin with the spread of information. Of course, seeding new information does not guarantee action, especially
Introduction: promoting restraint in war
ABSTRACT Over the last decade, changes in the nature of conflict have generated profound operational challenges for international humanitarian organizations. The number of non-international armed
Making or un-making states: when does war have formative effects?
  • Johannes Jüde
  • Political Science
    European Journal of International Relations
  • 2021
“War made the state, and the state made war” is Charles Tilly’s famous dictum that has become highly influential both in comparative macrosociology and in International Relations. An extensive


On the Origins of the State: Stationary Bandits and Taxation in Eastern Congo
A positive demand shock for coltan, a mineral whose bulky output cannot be concealed, leads armed actors to create illicit customs and provide protection at coltan mines, where they settle as
Regime Threats and State Solutions
The administrative state is a powerful tool because it can control the population and, in moments of crisis, help leaders put down popular threats to their rule. But a state does not act; bureaucrats
Civilians, Control, and Collaboration during Civil Conflict
What affects civilian collaboration with armed actors during civil war? While theory and evidence confirm that harm by armed actors influences when and with whom civilians collaborate, we argue that
Conflict negotiations and rebel leader selection
The international community often calls for negotiations in civil wars. Yet, we have limited understanding of when and why specific rebels enter into negotiations. The emergence of a new leader in a
Demanding Development
India’s urban slums exhibit dramatic variation in their access to local public goods and services—paved roads, piped water, trash removal, sewers, and streetlights. Why are some vulnerable
Ethnic Politics and State Power in Africa: the logic of the coup–civil war trap by Philip Roessler (review)
charts its leadership, their ethnicity and counties of origin, and details points of infighting within the group. While some may get lost in these details, anyone with a particular interest in