How Important is Selection? Experimental Versus Non-Experimental Measures of the Income Gains from Migration

@article{McKenzie2006HowII,
  title={How Important is Selection? Experimental Versus Non-Experimental Measures of the Income Gains from Migration},
  author={David McKenzie and John Gibson and Steven Stillman},
  journal={World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series},
  year={2006}
}
Measuring the gain in income from migration is complicated by non-random selection of migrants from the general population, making it difficult to obtain an appropriate comparison group of non-migrants. This paper uses a migrant lottery to overcome this problem, providing an experimental measure of the income gains from migration. New Zealand allows a quota of Tongans to immigrate each year with a lottery to choose among the excess number of applicants. A unique survey conducted by the authors… Expand
Paper for the Trevor Swan Distinguished Lectures in Economics Australian National University October 6, 2006 Migration, Income and Health: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
Over four million people emigrate every year in search of better economic and social opportunities. World Bank calculations suggest that restrictions on these people flows have larger welfare costsExpand
Let's Be Selective About Migrant Self-Selection
Migrants are typically self-selected from the population of their home country. While a large literature has identified the causes of self-selection, we turn in this paper to the consequences. UsingExpand
Inequality and the self-selection of international migrants: theory and new evidence
"This paper analyses the (self-)selection of migrants between countries which have substantial differences in the inequality of earnings and income levels. In an extended version of the Roy-model weExpand
Gains and Losses from Internal Migration: Evidence from Migrant-Sending Households in Ghana
Migration is a common strategy adopted to escape poverty and improve living standards, but it is not without risks and there are no guarantees of success. We analyse the impact of migration on theExpand
Migration as Development: Household Survey Evidence on Migrants’ Wage Gains
The study of the effects of migration on migrants themselves has not garnered nearly as much attention within the recent international migration literature as other topics, such as motives forExpand
Who Leaves and Who Returns? Deciphering Immigrant Self-Selection from a Developing Country
Existing research examining the self-selection of immigrants suffers from a lack of information on the immigrants’ labor force activities in the home country, quotas limiting who is allowed to enterExpand
Moving to opportunity, leaving behind what? Evaluating the initial effects of a migration policy on incomes and poverty in source areas
Emigration to New Zealand and consequent remittance inflows are dominant features of many Pacific Island countries. Evaluating the effect of these people and money flows on incomes and poverty in theExpand
The Effects of International Migration on Migrant-Source Households: Evidence from Ethiopian Diversity-Visa Lottery Migrants
About a million people have migrated to the US via the Diversity Visa (“DV”) lottery. The DV was instituted by an Act of the United States Congress to diversify the U.S. population through a lotteryExpand
Who Migrates and Why
We use twenty years of Italian administrative panel data, a uniquely rich source of information on internal migration experiences, to identify the role of unobserved worker characteristics in theExpand
Essays on urban wage premium, returns to internal migration and migrants' selection in Norway
We study north-to-south migration in Norway over the past 40 years (1967-2010). In a slow but steady process, people from the less industrialized north moved south to access better economicExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
Propensity Score Matching, a Distance-Based Measure of Migration, and the Wage Growth of Young Men
This paper estimates the effect of U.S. internal migration on real wage growth between the movers' first and second jobs. Our analysis of migration differs from previous research in three importantExpand
Propensity Score Matching , a Distance-Based Measure of Migration , and the Wages of Young Men
Our analysis of migration differs from previous research in three important aspects. First, we exploit the confidential geocoding in the NLSY79 to obtain a distance-based measure. Second, we let theExpand
Self-Selection and the Earnings of Immigrants
This paper analyzes the way in which the earnings of the immigrant population may be expected to differ from the earnings of the native population because of the endogeneity of the migrationExpand
Economic impact of international migration and the economic performance of migrants.
In the following section of this chapter we begin by documenting the numbers and characteristics of international migrants to selected developed countries. We next survey some of the economic factorsExpand
Quantifying the international bilateral movements of migrants
The economics literature increasingly recognizes the importance of migration and its ties with many other aspects of development and policy. For example the role of international remittancesExpand
Where Do U.S. Immigrants Come from, and Why?
The United States has experienced rising immigration levels and changing source since the 1950s. The changes in source have been attributed to the 1965 Amendments to the Immigration Act thatExpand
Matching As An Econometric Evaluation Estimator: Evidence from Evaluating a Job Training Programme
This paper considers whether it is possible to devise a nonexperimental procedure for evaluating a prototypical job training programme. Using rich nonexperimental data, we examine the performance ofExpand
Self-Selection and Internal Migration in the United States
TLDR
Empirical results suggest that interstate differences in the returns to skills are a major determinant of both the size and skill composition of internal migration flows. Expand
Networks in the Modern Economy: Mexican Migrants in the U. S. Labor Market
This paper attempts to identify job networks among Mexican migrants in the U. S. labor market. The empirical analysis uses data on migration patterns and labor market outcomes, based on a sample ofExpand
Quantifying International Migration: A Database of Bilateral Migrant Stocks
This paper introduces four versions of an international bilateral migration stock database for 226 by 226 countries and territories. The first three versions each consist of two matrices, the firstExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...