Age and organ damage correlate with poor survival in 2366 DELFORGE and LUDWIG BLOOD, 27 APRIL 2017 x VOLUME
- S Bringhen, MV Mateos, S Zweegman
- For personal use only. on November
The treatment of multiple myeloma is considered a continuously evolving paradigm as a result of the growing availability of new and highly effective drugs, including first- and second-generation proteasome inhibitors, immunomodulatory agents, and monoclonal antibodies. Clinical trials advocate long-term rather than short-term treatment schedules with combinations of these new anti-myeloma drug classes. Although the overall toxicity profile of the recommended regimens can be considered favorable, their increasing complexity and prolonged use warrant a heightened vigilance for early and late side effects, a priori because real-life patients can be more frail or present with 1 or more comorbidities. The treatment decision process, at diagnosis and at relapse, therefore requires myeloma physicians to carefully balance efficacy and toxicity profiles for each individual patient. Early and/or unnecessary tapering or treatment discontinuation for drug-related adverse events may not only reduce patients' quality of life, but also negatively impact their outcome. Accurate knowledge in recognizing and managing the potential side effects of present-day treatment regimens is therefore a cornerstone in myeloma care. Using 5 case vignettes, we discuss how to prevent and manage the most common nonhematological adverse events of anti-myeloma treatment regimens containing proteasome inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, and monoclonal antibodies.