How Green Are Biofuels?

  title={How Green Are Biofuels?},
  author={J{\"o}rn P. W. Scharlemann and William F. Laurance},
  pages={43 - 44}
Many biofuels are associated with lower greenhouse-gas emissions but have greater aggregate environmental costs than gasoline. 
Fields of Gold : The Bioenergy Debate in International Organizations
The concept of producing energy from biomass has, for the last two decades, occupied attention of policy-makers, private industries, researchers and civil societies around the world. The highly con
Biofuels: Waste Not Want Not
The Reports “Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debt” and “Use of U.S. croplands for biofuels increases greenhouse gases through emissions from land-use change” underscore the sobering effects of land clearing.
Sustainability Aspects of Bioenergy and Nutrient Recovery from Marine Biomass Baltic Sea case studies
Coastal areas around the world are experiencing environmental problems such as climate change and eutrophication. These, in turn, lead to emerging challenges with excessive amounts of biomass that ...
Biofuels technology development in Southern Africa
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Towards Sustainable Production of Biofuels from Microalgae
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Future perspectives of 2nd generation biofuels
Fossil independence and substantial reductions in CO2 emissions seem to be possible with 2nd generation biofuels. New technologies allow a full carbon-to-fuel conversion of non-edible plant parts
The biofuel potential of municipal solid waste
The world in the 21st century is facing a dual crisis of increasing waste and global climate change. Substituting fossil fuels with waste biomass‐derived cellulosic ethanol is a promising strategy to
Agrofuels in Thailand: Policies, practices and prospects
Agrofuels, defined here as agriculture-based liquid transportation fuels, have been widely promoted as a renewable, sustainable, energy source which could reduce dependency on fossil-fuel imports.
Sustainable Bioenergy from Biofuel Residues and Wastes
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What are the Innovation Effects of Pilot and Demonstration Plants? : The Case of Advanced Biofuels in the Transport Sector
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Carbon Mitigation by Biofuels or by Saving and Restoring Forests?
The carbon sequestered by restoring forests is greater than the emissions avoided by the use of the liquid biofuels.
Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals
It is already clear that large-scale use of ethanol for fuel will almost certainly require cellulosic technology and new metrics that measure specific resource inputs are developed, but further research into environmental metrics is needed.
Carbon-Negative Biofuels from Low-Input High-Diversity Grassland Biomass
Low-input high-diversity mixtures of native grassland perennials can provide more usable energy, greater greenhouse gas reductions, and less agrichemical pollution per hectare than can corn grain ethanol or soybean biodiesel.
Switch to Corn Promotes Amazon Deforestation
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Life-cycle assessment of net greenhouse-gas flux for bioenergy cropping systems.
The DAYCENT biogeochemistry model was used to assess soil GHG fluxes and biomass yields for corn, soybean, alfalfa, hybrid poplar, reed canarygrass, and switchgrass as bioenergy crops in Pennsylvania, USA to determine the net effect of several bioenergy cropping systems on greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions.
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Referee: Dr. Charles A. S. Hall, Department of Environmental Studies, State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, 1 Forestry Drive, Syracuse, NY 13210 Biofuel
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The prime focus of ethanol production from corn is to replace the imported oil used in American vehicles, without expending more fossil energy in ethanol production than is produced as ethanol