How Government Reactions to Violence Worsen Social Welfare: Evidence from Peru

  title={How Government Reactions to Violence Worsen Social Welfare: Evidence from Peru},
  author={Renard Sexton and Rachel L. Wellhausen and Michael G. Findley},
  journal={American Journal of Political Science},
Dissident violence inflicts many costs on society, but some of the longest-lasting consequences for civilians may be indirect, due to the government’s response. We explore how government policy responses affect social welfare, specifically through budgetary shifts. Using subnational violence and budgeting data for Peru, we demonstrate that attacks on soldiers during the budget negotiation period drive a shift from local social services, especially health, to defense. One soldier fatality… 

How Do Violent Politicians Govern? The Case of Paramilitary-Tied Mayors in Colombia

  • S. Daly
  • Political Science
    British Journal of Political Science
  • 2021
Abstract How do politicians with coercive linkages govern? This article relies on original data on militia-linked mayors in Colombia from 1988 to 2015 derived from 42,000 pages of Colombian Supreme

How time horizons of autocrats impact health expenditure: a mixed methods research

The findings suggest that health expenditure decreases as regime time horizons shrink, and reducing armed conflict is a way to promote regime stability.

How Much Should We Trust Instrumental Variable Estimates in Political Science? Practical Advice based on Over 60 Replicated Studies

Instrumental variable (IV) strategies are commonly used in political science to establish causal relationships, yet the identifying assumptions required by an IV design are demanding and it remains



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Political scientists have conducted only limited systematic research on the consequences of war for civilian populations. Here we argue that the civilian suffering caused by civil war extends well

Buttery Guns and Welfare Hawks: The Politics of Defense Spending in Advanced Industrial Democracies

In this article, we present a new theory that, given the economic consequences of military spending, some governments may use military spending as a means of advancing their domestic non‐military

Rewarding Bad Behavior: How Governments Respond to Terrorism in Civil War

Although violent organizations often use terrorism as a means to achieve political aims, recent studies suggest the tactic is ineffective because it fails to help groups gain concessions. While

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Most combatants in armed conflict are men, so naturally men are the major direct victims of military operations. Yet armed conflicts have important indirect negative consequences on agriculture,

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A great deal of violence in civil wars is informed by the logic of terrorism: violence tends to be used by political actors against civilians in order to shape their political behavior. I focus on

What Do We (Not) Know About Development Aid and Violence? A Systematic Review

The Long-Run Labor-Market Consequences of Civil War: Evidence from the Shining Path in Peru

  • Jose C. Galdo
  • Economics
    Economic Development and Cultural Change
  • 2013
This study exploits district-level variation in the timing and intensity of civil war violence to investigate whether early life exposure to civil wars affects labor-market outcomes later in life. In

Success Matters: Casualty Sensitivity and the War in Iraq

Since the Vietnam War, U.S. policymakers have worried that the American public will support military operations only if the human costs of the war, as measured in combat casualties, are minimal.