How Fast Was Wild Wheat Domesticated?

  title={How Fast Was Wild Wheat Domesticated?},
  author={Ken-ichi Tanno and George Willcox},
  pages={1886 - 1886}
Prehistoric cultivation of wild wheat in the Fertile Crescent led to the selection of mutants with indehiscent (nonshattering) ears, which evolved into modern domestic wheat. Previous estimates suggested that this transformation was rapid, but our analyses of archaeological plant remains demonstrate that indehiscent domesticates were slow to appear, emerging ~9500 years before the present, and that dehiscent (shattering) forms were still common in cultivated fields ~7500 years before the… 
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Surprisingly Low Limits of Selection in Plant Domestication
A surprisingly low number of 50–100 loci are the most that could be under selection in a cultivation regime at the selection strengths observed in the archaeological record, robust to attempts to rescue populations from extinction through selection from high standing genetic variation, gene flow, and the Maynard Smith-based model of threshold selection.
Contrasting Patterns in Crop Domestication and Domestication Rates: Recent Archaeobotanical Insights from the Old World
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    Annals of botany
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Origin of annual crops by agro-evolution
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New evidence from the site of Abu Hureyra suggests that systematic cultivation of cereals in fact started well before the end of the Pleistocene by at least 13000 years ago, and that rye was among the first crops.
The Cradle of Agriculture
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We thank R. Pasternack for making available samples from Nevali Cori. This work was partly supported by the European Commission (contract ICA3-CT
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All dates are in noncalibrated 14 C years before the present
  • All dates are in noncalibrated 14 C years before the present
The full set of data and references for the sites are available as supporting material on Science Online
  • The full set of data and references for the sites are available as supporting material on Science Online