How Fast Was Wild Wheat Domesticated?

@article{Tanno2006HowFW,
  title={How Fast Was Wild Wheat Domesticated?},
  author={Ken-ichi Tanno and George Willcox},
  journal={Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={311},
  pages={1886 - 1886}
}
Prehistoric cultivation of wild wheat in the Fertile Crescent led to the selection of mutants with indehiscent (nonshattering) ears, which evolved into modern domestic wheat. Previous estimates suggested that this transformation was rapid, but our analyses of archaeological plant remains demonstrate that indehiscent domesticates were slow to appear, emerging ~9500 years before the present, and that dehiscent (shattering) forms were still common in cultivated fields ~7500 years before the… 
Domestication of emmer wheat and evolution of free-threshing tetraploid wheat
TLDR
The model in which domestication occurred independently in several sites across the Levant is supported, according to this view, the genes for non-brittleness were transferred to numerous wild emmer genotypes thro...
Recent lessons from Near Eastern archaeobotany: wild cereal use, pre-domestication cultivation and tracing multiple origins and dispersals
Although the Near East has long been a textbook example of pristine agricultural origins, archaeobotanical research in the last decade has transformed our understanding of the processes involved and
Geographic distribution and domestication of wild emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccoides)
TLDR
It is suggested that modern domestic tetraploid wheats derived from wild emmer lines from southeast Turkey suggest that the understanding of emmer domestication is not complete and the “dispersed-specific” domestication model proposed for einkorn might well be appropriate also for emmer.
Wheat Domestication: Key to Agricultural Revolutions Past and Future
The domestication of wheat was instrumental in the transition of human behavior from hunter-gatherers to farmers. It was a key event in the agricultural revolution that occurred about 10,000 years
Genetic Diversity, Evolution and Domestication of Wheat and Barley in the Fertile Crescent
TLDR
This chapter reviews recent developments in the understanding of wheat and barley domestication history in the Fertile Crescent, events that forged the foundations of the authors' present-day European culture.
Contrasting Patterns in Crop Domestication and Domestication Rates: Recent Archaeobotanical Insights from the Old World
  • D. Fuller
  • Biology, Geography
    Annals of botany
  • 2007
TLDR
Data suggest that in domesticated grasses, changes in grain size and shape evolved prior to non-shattering ears or panicles, suggesting a need to reconsider the role of sickle harvesting in domestication.
Early Holocene cultivation before domestication in northern Syria
Charred plant remains from the sites of Tell Qaramel, Jerf el Ahmar, Dja’de and Tell ‘Abr situated in northern Syria and dated to the tenth and ninth millennia cal b.c. demonstrate that a wide
Wild emmer wheat, 'Triticum dicoccoides', occupies a pivotal position in wheat domestication process
TLDR
The nonrandom adaptive processes and complexes in T. dicoccoides and other wheat relatives could provide the basis for wheat improvement as single genes, QTLs, and interacting biochemical networks.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 11 REFERENCES
Origin of annual crops by agro-evolution
TLDR
It is suggested that the evolution from wild to domesticated crops had actually occurred in the cultivated fields, and the evolutionary process of genotypes' accumulation in domesticated wheat or barley, in fields where their progenitors were growing.
New evidence of Lateglacial cereal cultivation at Abu Hureyra on the Euphrates
TLDR
New evidence from the site of Abu Hureyra suggests that systematic cultivation of cereals in fact started well before the end of the Pleistocene by at least 13000 years ago, and that rye was among the first crops.
The Cradle of Agriculture
TLDR
Botanical, genetic and archeological evidence is discussed suggesting that the cradle of agriculture lay within a small region of the Fertile Crescent and began in the 7th millennium B.C.
The full set of data and references for the sites are available as supporting material on Science Online
  • The full set of data and references for the sites are available as supporting material on Science Online
J. World Prehistory
  • J. World Prehistory
  • 1990
We thank R. Pasternack for making available samples from Nevali Cori. This work was partly supported by the European Commission (contract ICA3-CT
  • 2002
All dates are in noncalibrated 14 C years before the present
  • All dates are in noncalibrated 14 C years before the present
J. Archaeol. Sci
  • J. Archaeol. Sci
  • 2004
We thank R. Pasternack for making available samples from Nevali Cori. This work was partly supported by the European Commission
  • We thank R. Pasternack for making available samples from Nevali Cori. This work was partly supported by the European Commission
...
...