How Does the Gender of Parents Matter

@article{Biblarz2010HowDT,
  title={How Does the Gender of Parents Matter},
  author={Timothy J. Biblarz and Judith Stacey},
  journal={Journal of Marriage and Family},
  year={2010},
  volume={72},
  pages={3-22}
}
Claims that children need both a mother and father presume that women and men parent differently in ways crucial to development but generally rely on studies that conflate gender with other family structure variables. We analyze findings from studies with designs that mitigate these problems by comparing 2-parent families with same or different sex coparents and single-mother with single-father families. Strengths typically associated with married mother-father families appear to the same… Expand

Tables from this paper

Same‐Sex Parent Families and Children's Academic Achievement
Children in traditional families (i.e., married, 2 biological parents) tend to do better than their peers in nontraditional families. An exception to this pattern appears to be children from same-sexExpand
A Research Note on Time With Children in Different- and Same-Sex Two-Parent Families
TLDR
The potential for existing nationally representative data sets to provide preliminary insights into the developmental experiences of children in nontraditional families is highlighted, supporting prior research that different-sex couples do not invest in children at appreciably different levels than same- sex couples. Expand
Same‐Sex Parenting and Child Development: Reviewing the Contribution of Parental Gender
Biblarz and Stacey (2010) have raised many interesting points in their consideration of how the gender of parents matters. They have amassed two types of evidence pertinent to this question:Expand
Parenting in new family forms.
  • S. Golombok
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Current opinion in psychology
  • 2017
TLDR
The quality of family relationships and the wider social environment appear to be more influential in children's psychological development and adjustment than are the number, gender, sexual orientation or biological relatedness of their parents. Expand
Children and Adolescents With Same-Gender Parents: A Meta-Analytic Approach in Assessing Outcomes
Given the societal, political, and cultural divide on the topic of same-gender parenting, there is a need for a stronger body of evidence that accurately identifies outcomes for children andExpand
Single Mothers by Choice: Parenting and Child Adjustment in Middle Childhood
TLDR
The findings suggest that the presence of two parents—or of a male parent—is not essential for children to flourish, and add to the growing body of evidence that family structure is less influential in children’s adjustment than the quality of family relationships. Expand
Does Parental Sexual Orientation Matter? A Longitudinal Follow-Up of Adoptive Families With School-Age Children
  • R. Farr
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Developmental psychology
  • 2017
TLDR
Children’s behavior problems and family functioning during middle childhood were predicted by earlier child adjustment issues and parenting stress, and these findings are consistent with and extend previous literature about families headed by LG parents, particularly those that have adopted children. Expand
Gender and parenthood : biological and social scientific perspectives
The essays in this collection deploy biological and social scientific perspectives to evaluate the transformative experience of parenthood for today's women and men. They map the similar and distinctExpand
Parenting and the Adjustment of Children Born to Gay Fathers Through Surrogacy
TLDR
Children in both family types showed high levels of adjustment with lower levels of children's internalizing problems reported by gay fathers, and children whose parents perceived greater stigmatization and children who experienced higher levels of negative parenting showedHigher levels of parent‐reported externalizing problems. Expand
Parent–child gender matching and child psychological adjustment after divorce
ABSTRACT The present study aimed to determine whether a parent–child gender match would influence child psychological adjustment after divorce. Participants included 69 parents (36 mothers) in activeExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 172 REFERENCES
Sex of Parent and Children's Well-Being in Single-Parent Households.
Do women and men play unique roles in shaping children's well-being? If so, we should note important differences between offspring living with single mothers and those living with single fathers. ToExpand
Family Structure, Gender, and Parental Socialization.
Data from the National Survey of Families and Households demonstrate that parental behavior varies to a limited extent by family structure and to a much larger extent by gender. Mothers spend moreExpand
Family Structure, Family Processes, and Adolescent Delinquency: The Significance of Parental Absence Versus Parental Gender
One third of all children are born to unmarried mothers and over one half of children will spend some time in a single-parent family. In fact, single-father families are the fastest growing familyExpand
Lesbian Mothers, Gay Fathers, and Their Children: A Review
  • F. Tasker
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP
  • 2005
TLDR
Findings from research suggest that children with lesbian or gay parents are comparable with children with heterosexual parents on key psychosocial developmental outcomes, which have important implications for managing clinical work with children of lesbian mothers or gay fathers. Expand
Comparison of parenting and children's behavior in single-mother, single-father, and intact families.
Abstract The authors used ecological theory to disentangle the effects of gender, family structure, and role responsibilities on parenting and children's behavior in single-parent and intactExpand
Children with lesbian parents: a community study.
TLDR
The quality of parent-child relationships and the socioemotional and gender development of a community sample of 7-year-old children with lesbian parents is examined and findings are in line with those of earlier investigations showing positive mother-child relationship and well-adjusted children. Expand
Comparison of Role Demands, Relationships, and Child Functioning in Single-Mother, Single-Father, and Intact Families
Abstract Numerous studies have examined the impact of divorce on parents and children, but most of these studies have been restricted to single-mother families. This study compared differences inExpand
Children raised in fatherless families from infancy: family relationships and the socioemotional development of children of lesbian and single heterosexual mothers.
TLDR
The results show that children raised in fatherless families from infancy experienced greater warmth and interaction with their mother, and were more securely attached to her, although they perceived themselves to be less cognitively and physically competent than their peers from father-present families. Expand
Individual Differences in Gender Development: Associations with Parental Sexual Orientation, Attitudes, and Division of Labor
Research on children of lesbian parents has suggested that such children are developing well, but questions have been raised about their gender development. In this study, we explored associationsExpand
Peer relations among adolescents with female same-sex parents.
TLDR
Regardless of family type, adolescents whose parents described closer relationships with them reported higher quality peer relations and more friends in school and were rated as more central in their friendship networks. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...