How Does Trade Openness Affect Regional Demographic Transitions? Evidence from China's Provincial Panel Data

  title={How Does Trade Openness Affect Regional Demographic Transitions? Evidence from China's Provincial Panel Data},
  author={Shujin Zhu and Renyu Li and Tenglong Zhong},
  journal={Political Economy - Development: Domestic Development Strategies eJournal},
This paper investigates the effect of trade openness and other variables on the demographic transition in China using the instrumental variables regression method based on provincial panel data for the period between 1981 and 2013. The results indicate that trade openness is one of the determinants of China's demographic transition and has two distinct effects: (i) an income effect that accelerated the demographic transition by increasing per capita income; and (ii) a human capital effect that… 
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