How Do We Grow? : Jane Jacobs on Diversification and Specialization

  title={How Do We Grow? : Jane Jacobs on Diversification and Specialization},
  author={D. Ellerman},
  pages={50 - 83}
It is probably the most important issue in economics. How do economies grow? And for a few centuries, one traditional model has prevailed. Economies grow through specializing in industries, through division of labor, and through standardization. But one of the leading thinkers of our time, the urban scholar Jane Jacobs, has long emphasized the importance of diversity and variation to growth. The author summarizes her views and the empirical evidence and finds that Jacobs' ideas also have… Expand
The DNA of Enterprise: Jane Jacobs and Henry George on Innovation and Development Through Spin-Offs
The main training grounds for entrepreneurial, technical, and business capacities are existing businesses. There are two ways that this training can lead to new growth—just as there are two ways thatExpand
Cities and the Economic Development of Nations: An Essay on Jane Jacobs' Contribution to Economic Theory */Les Villes et le Developpement Economique Des Nations. Un Presentation Sur le Contribution De Jane Jacobs a la Theorie Economique *
Despite her popularity among urban planning and sociology scholars, urban theorist Jane Jacobs' economic writings, with the exception of one basic insight, have failed to attract widespreadExpand
The Ebb and Flow of Comparative Advantage: Trade and the Industrial Specialization of Canadian Manufacturing Regions, 1974 to 1999
Utilizing a longitudinal micro data file of manufacturing plants (1974 to 1999), this study tests the effect of higher levels of trade on the level of industrial specialization experienced byExpand
Three Themes About Democratic Enterprises: Capital Structure, Education, and Spin-Offs
The purpose of this paper is to delve into three side-arguments or themes about democratic enterprises (as opposed to considering first principles). Approach: 1) The first theme is the question ofExpand
Exporting firms are more productive, but they do not know initially where their productive capacity lies; overall productivity level increases as firms discover their productive potentials; andExpand
A Note on an Ethnic Homogeneity Kuznets Curve
At lower levels of income, the authors find, nations are more ethnically diverse. As nations become industrialized, their populace becomes more ethnically homogeneous. Finally, as nations move towardExpand
Review on Theories of Urban Origins of Jane Jacobs Based on Her Urban Thoughts
The purpose of this paper is to offer a detailed review on Jane Jacobs’ thoughts on the city as she is considered as one of the influential urbanist in the academia and the public. To that end, theExpand
The death and life of a reluctant urban icon
WHEN THE NEWS BROKE that urban theorist and activist Jane Jacobs (1916–2006) had died in a Toronto hospital two weeks shy of her ninetieth birthday on April 25, 2006, the attending media coverage inExpand
Geographical narratives of exercised social capital
Abstract Social capital, as conceptualised to date, has looked at the composition of social networks and the socio-economic outcomes they produce, with very little reference to context, space, place,Expand
Shaping Dimensions of Urban Complexity: The Role of Economic Structure and Socio-Demographic Local Contexts
Diversification in urban functions—a key component of urban complexity—was analysed using Pielou’s evenness indexes for 12 socioeconomic dimensions (economic structure, working classes, education,Expand


Stages of Diversification
This Paper studies the evolution of sectoral labour concentration in relation to the level of per capita income. We show that various measures of sectoral concentration follow a U-shaped patternExpand
The Nature of Economies
From the revered author of the classic The Death and Life of Great American Cities comes a new book that will revolutionize the way we think about the economy. Starting from Written wikens stephenExpand
Growth in Cities
Recent theories of economic growth, including those of Romer, Porter, and Jacobs, have stressed the role of technological spillovers in generating growth. Because such knowledge spillovers areExpand
The Economic Implications of Learning by Doing
It is by now incontrovertible that increases in per capita income cannot be explained simply by increases in the capital-labor ratio. Though doubtless no economist would ever have denied the role ofExpand
The Competitive Advantage Of Nations
With the publication of his best-selling books "Competitive Strategy (1980) and "Competitive Advantage (1985), Michael E. Porter of the Harvard Business School established himself as the world'sExpand
Systems of Survival: A Dialogue on the Moral Foundations of Commerce and Politics
Reg (Litz) called the meeting to order and the discussion began with Paul (Earl) highlighting that Jane Jacobs helped him better understand the Western Canadian grain industry. In his words, “theExpand
Economics and Evolution: Bringing Life Back into Economics
Economic theory is currently at a crossroads, where many leading mainstream economists are calling for a more realistic and practical orientation for economic science. Indeed, many are suggestingExpand
On the Mechanics of Economic Development
This paper considers the prospects for constructing a neoclassical theory of growth and international trade that is consistent with some of the main features of economic development. Three models areExpand
Uncertainty, Learning, and the Economics of Parallel Research and Development Efforts
IN recent years, there has been a very marked rise in the interest economists have shown in the process of invention, and in industrial Research and Development the institutionalization of inventiveExpand
Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth
  • P. Romer
  • Economics
  • Journal of Political Economy
  • 1986
This paper presents a fully specified model of long-run growth in which knowledge is assumed to be an input in production that has increasing marginal productivity. It is essentially a competitiveExpand