How Do Supply Chain Networks Affect the Resilience of Firms to Natural Disasters? Evidence from the Great East Japan Earthquake

  title={How Do Supply Chain Networks Affect the Resilience of Firms to Natural Disasters? Evidence from the Great East Japan Earthquake},
  author={Yasuyuki Todo and Kentaro Nakajima and Petr Matou{\vs}},
  journal={SRPN: Other Built Environment (Topic)},
type="main"> This paper uses firm-level data to examine how supply chain networks affected the recovery of firms from the Great East Japan Earthquake. Extensive supply chains can negatively affect recovery through higher vulnerability to network disruption and positively through support from trading partners, easier search for new partners, and general benefits of agglomeration. Our results indicate that networks with firms outside of the impacted area contributed to the earlier resumption of… 

Supply Chain Disruptions: Evidence from the Great East Japan Earthquake

Exploiting the exogenous and regional nature of the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011, this article provides a quantification of the role of input-output linkages as a mechanism for the

Energy and resilience: The effects of endogenous interdependencies on trade network formation across space among major Japanese firms

It is found that when firms changed their partners, they preferred firms that were popular among other firms, that had partners in common with them and that also bought some products or services from them, which concur with a criticism that Japanese firms avoid external actors and exhibit inflexibility in reorganizing their networks in times of need.

Firm-Level Simulation of the Propagation of Economic Shocks Through Supply-Chain Networks

Social and economic networks can be a channel of negative shocks and thus deteriorate resilience and sustainability of our society. This study focuses on supply chains, or supplier--customer networks


This paper uses Chinese firm level data to detect the international propagation of adverse shocks triggered by the US hurricane season in 2005. We provide evidence that Chinese processing

Propagation of Shocks due to Natural Disasters through Global Supply Chains* [Preliminary. Do not cite.]

In this paper, we take Hurricane Sandy that hit the east coast of the United States in 2012 as a source of negative shocks and examine its indirect effects on the global economy through supply

Series 14E-035 Supply Chain Disruptions : Evidence from the Great East Japan Earthquake

This paper quantifies the spillover effect of exogenous shocks, such as earthquakes, on other firms through the supply chain network. Combining micro data on inter-firm transaction networks and


This study evaluates the impact of “group subsidies,” a policy intervention to repair and reinstall damaged capital goods and facilities of small and medium-sized enterprises after the Great East

Fragmentation of production amplifies systemic risks from extreme events in supply-chain networks

It is found that prescribing firm-specific inventory sizes based on their position in the supply chain mitigates systemic risk more effectively than setting the same inventory requirements for all firms.

Reactions of Economy Toward Various Disasters Estimated by Firm-Level Simulation

Social and economic networks can be a channel of negative shocks and thus deteriorate resilience and sustainability of our society. This study focuses on actual supply chains, or supplier–customer




Disasters keep damaging infrastructure, disrupting supply chains and affecting firm profitability. There is an urgent need for better understanding of disaster impact on supply chains but very few

Determinants of Transaction Partners' Quality: Evidence from the Great East Japan Earthquake (Japanese)

The Great East Japan Earthquake indirectly inflicted damages broadly through severing supply chain network as well as massive direct damages, and it was pointed out that many firms sought new

Predicting long-term business recovery from disaster: a comparison of the Loma Prieta earthquake and Hurricane Andrew

Abstract This paper examines long-term recovery outcomes of businesses impacted by major natural disasters. Data were collected via two large-scale mail surveys—one administered to Santa Cruz County,

Modeling Regional Economic Resilience to Disasters: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis of Water Service Disruptions

Recent natural and manmade disasters have had significant regional economic impacts. These effects have been muted, however, by the "resilience" of individual businesses and of regional markets,

Modeling the Roles of Heterogeneity, Substitution, and Inventories in the Assessment of Natural Disaster Economic Costs

Based on an IO structure, the ARIO-inventory model simulates the economic consequences and responses to a natural disaster. It represents explicitly production bottlenecks, models a flexibility in

Integrating Transportation Network and Regional Economic Models to Estimate the Costs of a Large Urban Earthquake

In this paper we summarize an integrated, operational model of losses due to earthquake impacts on transportation and industrial capacity, and how these losses affect the metropolitan economy. The

Large-scale structure of a nation-wide production network

Abstract. Production in an economy is a set of firms’ activities as suppliers and customers; a firm buys goods from other firms, puts value added and sells products to others in a giant network of

Building Resilience: Social Capital in Post-Disaster Recovery

Each year, natural disasters threaten the strength and stability of communities worldwide. Yet responses to the challenges of recovery vary greatly and in ways that aren't always explained by the