How Do Polar Marine Ecosystems Respond to Rapid Climate Change?

  title={How Do Polar Marine Ecosystems Respond to Rapid Climate Change?},
  author={Oscar Schofield and Hugh W. Ducklow and Douglas G. Martinson and Michael P. Meredith and Mark A. Moline and William R. Fraser},
  pages={1520 - 1523}
Climate change will alter marine ecosystems; however, the complexity of the food webs, combined with chronic undersampling, constrains efforts to predict their future and to optimally manage and protect marine resources. Sustained observations at the West Antarctic Peninsula show that in this region, rapid environmental change has coincided with shifts in the food web, from its base up to apex predators. New strategies will be required to gain further insight into how the marine climate system… 
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