How Dispositional Empathy Influences Political Ambition

@article{Clifford2019HowDE,
  title={How Dispositional Empathy Influences Political Ambition},
  author={Scott Clifford and Justin H. Kirkland and Elizabeth N. Simas},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  year={2019},
  volume={81},
  pages={1043 - 1056}
}
Political representation is fundamentally about advancing the needs and interests of others. Empathy—the ability to share others’ feelings and perspectives—ought to be a critical skill for effective representation. Yet the conflict, negativity, and competition that are endemic to politics may prevent empathetic individuals from seeking office. Using an original national survey with an oversample of people who have run for office, we explore how citizens’ dispositional empathy influences… 

How Empathic Concern Fuels Political Polarization

Over the past two decades, there has been a marked increase in partisan social polarization, leaving scholars in search of solutions to partisan conflict. The psychology of intergroup relations

The Personality of the Politically Ambitious

Until recently, political ambition has largely been considered to be a product of the institutional and political environment. We argue that individual personality plays a significant role in nascent

S0003055419000534 258..269

Over thepast twodecades, there has been amarked increase inpartisan social polarization, leaving scholars in search of solutions to partisan conflict. The psychology of intergroup relations

Re‐Assessing Elite‐Public Gaps in Political Behavior

Political scientists often criticize psychological approaches to the study of politics on the grounds that many psychological theories were developed on convenience samples of college students or

“Sana All” presupposed Empathy: Netizens’ General Perceived Performance of the Government’s Responses to Effects of COVID-19

People in social media platforms who shared opinions, known as netizens, posted contradicting perceptions against the satisfactory results released by research agencies about the government's

“Sana All”: Netizens’ Perception of Government Responses to COVID-19

Netizens posted views that contradicted the results released by research agencies about the Philippine government's responses to COVID-19. In this study, Twitter, which is a key communication

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 85 REFERENCES

The Personality of the Politically Ambitious

Until recently, political ambition has largely been considered to be a product of the institutional and political environment. We argue that individual personality plays a significant role in nascent

Empathy and motivation for justice: Cognitive empathy and concern, but not emotional empathy, predict sensitivity to injustice for others

TLDR
It may be more effective to encourage perspective taking and reasoning than emphasizing emotional sharing with the misfortune of others in order to promote justice motivation, and may guide interventions designed to foster justice and moral behavior.

Distress and empathy: two qualitatively distinct vicarious emotions with different motivational consequences.

TLDR
The recent empirical evidence appears to support the more differentiated view of emotion and motivation proposed long ago by McDougall, not the unitary view proposed by Hull and his followers.

Power, Conflict, and Community: How Gendered Views of Political Power Influence Women's Political Ambition

We provide a novel approach to understanding the political ambition gap between men and women by examining perceptions of the role of politician. Across three studies, we find that political careers

Low Levels of Empathic Concern Predict Utilitarian Moral Judgment

TLDR
The results reveal a key relationship between moral judgment and empathic concern in particular (i.e., feelings of warmth and compassion in response to someone in distress) and Utilitarian participants showed significantly reduced empathy concern on an independent empathy measure.

Using Empathy to Improve Intergroup Attitudes and Relations

Recently, social psychologists have given considerable attention to the possibility that empathy can be used to improve intergroup attitudes and relations. For this possibility to bear practical

Moral Emotions and Unethical Bargaining: The Differential Effects of Empathy and Perspective Taking in Deterring Deceitful Negotiation

Two correlational studies tested whether personality differences in empathy and perspective taking differentially relate to disapproval of unethical negotiation strategies, such as lies and bribes.

Why It Pays to Get Inside the Head of Your Opponent

TLDR
It is found that perspective taking increased individuals' ability to discover hidden agreements and to both create and claim resources at the bargaining table, and empathy did not prove nearly as advantageous and at times was detrimental to discovering a possible deal and achieving individual profit.

Virtues, Vices, and Political Influence in the U.S. Senate

TLDR
Citizens would be wise to consider a candidate’s virtue in casting their votes, which might increase the likelihood that elected officials will have genuine concern for their constituents and simultaneously promote cooperation and progress in government.

Agreeableness, empathy, and helping: a person x situation perspective.

TLDR
Overall, prosocial motivation is linked to Agreeableness as a dimension of personality, proximal prosocial cognition and motives, and helping behavior across a range of situations and victims.
...