How Data Got its Base: Information Storage Software in the 1950s and 1960s

@article{Haigh2009HowDG,
  title={How Data Got its Base: Information Storage Software in the 1950s and 1960s},
  author={Thomas Haigh},
  journal={IEEE Annals of the History of Computing},
  year={2009},
  volume={31}
}
Generalized report generation and file maintenance programs were widely used in the 1950s, standardized by the Share user group with 9PAC and Surge. By the 1960s the first recognizable DBMS systems, such IMS and IDS, had evolved to address the challenges of disk drives and MIS projects. Finally, in the late 1960s Codasyl's Data Base Task Group formulated the DBMS concept itself.