How Could a Copycat Ever be Creative

  title={How Could a Copycat Ever be Creative},
  author={Douglas Richard Hofstadter},
Can there be any doubt that to call someone a ‘copycat’ is a taunt? Surely, copycats do nothing more than mechanical mimicry. Surely, a copycat could never be creative. After all, how could merely doing the same thing as someone else ever be original? 

Computer Models of Creativity

The authors have the beginnings of a scientific understanding of creativity, an aspect of normal human intelligence not a special faculty granted to a tiny elite, and AI techniques underlie various types of computer art.

Metacat : A Program That Judges Creative Analogies in a Microworld

Metacat is a model of analogy-making and creativity that extends the earlier Copycat model by incorporating mechanisms that enable the program to compare and contrast idealized analogies in an

Growing and destroying the worth of ideas

A modeling framework that addresses the worth of ideas ascribed by agents embedded in a social world is discussed, which encompasses commonalities in existing theories of creativity, and suggests future theoretical directions that can be explored via simulation.

Authenticity and computer art1 2

Abstract Computer art is often seen as inauthentic, even strictly impossible, because it lacks certain essential features of genuine art, which prevents people from engaging seriously with the products of computer art.


This paper describes our model for the production of a variety of creative solutions. This is allowed by the mind ability of divergent production, which was claimed by Guilford as responsible for the

Investigating the cognitive foundations of collaborative musical free improvisation: Experimental case studies using a novel application of the subsumption architecture

This thesis investigates the cognitive foundations of collaborative musical free improvisation. To explore the cognitive underpinnings of the collaborative process, a series of experimental case


This paper describes current research on the computational modeling of change phenomena in design. In particular it introduces a tutorial view of the moel of design situations (DS) as a

From inheritance relation to nonaxiomatic logic

  • Pei Wang
  • Computer Science
    Int. J. Approx. Reason.
  • 1994

40 years of cognitive architectures: core cognitive abilities and practical applications

This survey describes a variety of methods and ideas that have been tried and their relative success in modeling human cognitive abilities, as well as which aspects of cognitive behavior need more research with respect to their mechanistic counterparts and thus can further inform how cognitive science might progress.

A systematized theory of creative concept generation in design: first-order and high-order concept generation

This paper aims to develop a systematized theory on the thinking process at the ‘very early stage of design.’ Here, ‘very’ is used to exaggerate the beginning of design, which includes the time just



Metamagical Themas: Questing for the Essence of Mind and Pattern

From the Publisher: A bestselling collection of brilliant and quirky essays, on subjects ranging from biology to grammar to artificial intelligence, that are unified by one primary concern: the way

Tabletop: An emergent, stochastic computer model of analogy-making

The key notion underlying the research presented in this dissertation is my conviction that the cognitive mechanisms giving rise to human analogy-making form the very basis of intelligence. Our

Perception And Creation Of Diverse Alphabetic Styles

The Letter Spirit project explores the creative act of artistic letter-design. The aim is to mode] how the 26 lowercase letters of the roman alphabet can be rendered in many different but internally

The architecture of Jumbo

Analog~-Making as Perception

  • Analog~-Making as Perception
  • 1993

The Structure of Conceptual Revolutions (second edition)

  • The Structure of Conceptual Revolutions (second edition)
  • 1970

Analog ~Making as Perception

  • 1993

To err is human; to study error-making is cognitive science

  • Michigan Quarterly Review
  • 1989

" To err is human ; to study errormaking is cognitive science "

  • Michigan Quarterly Review
  • 1989