How Camillo Golgi became “the Golgi”

@article{Mazzarello2009HowCG,
  title={How Camillo Golgi became “the Golgi”},
  author={Paolo Mazzarello and Carla Garbarino and Alberto Calligaro},
  journal={FEBS Letters},
  year={2009},
  volume={583}
}

Camillo Golgi (1843 –1926): scientist extraordinaire and pioneer figure of modern neurology

  • S. Ghosh
  • Biology
    Anatomy & cell biology
  • 2020
TLDR
Camillo Golgi was an extraordinary scientist whose contributions in the domain of neuroanatomy proved to be critical for emergence of neuroscience as a sovereign scientific discipline and was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1906.

The Original Histological Slides of Camillo Golgi and His Discoveries on Neuronal Structure

TLDR
An account of the original slides on the nervous system from Golgi's laboratory available nowadays at the Golgi Museum and Historical Museum of the University of Pavia is provided and images of neurons from his slides are shown for the first time.

Camillo Golgi, nobel laureate: the olfactory bulb.

TLDR
In Golgi’s hands, his findings and views on neuronal communication did not allow him to accept neuron theory, leading him, partly on clinical grounds, to maintain the older reticular network theory of neural connection by anastomosis.

The ribbon architecture of the Golgi apparatus is not restricted to vertebrates

TLDR
It is shown that sea urchin embryonic cells assemble Golgi ribbons during early development, indicating that the Golgi ribbon appears to be an ancient cellular feature evolved before the split between echinoderms and chordates.

Growth of the Mammalian Golgi Apparatus during Interphase

TLDR
The growth of the mammalian Golgi apparatus in its protein content and volume during interphase is demonstrated and the coordination between cell size and Golgi growth is revealed via activation of the protein synthesis machinery in early interphase.

The rise and fall of Golgi's school

The History of Neuroscience 5: Discovery of the Neuron and Its Connections

  • S. K. Lee
  • Biology
    Epilia: Epilepsy and Community
  • 2022
TLDR
Santiago Ramón y Cajal, the founder of modern neuroscience, finally established the cornerstone of the neuron doctrine, according to which the nerve cell is the basic unit of the nervous system and information flows from unit to unit without direct fusion.

Plant Cell Biology: When, How, and Why?

TLDR
About 250 years before Sachs’s definition of the cell, Robert Hooke observed cells for the first time on cork and coined the term “cell,” which started a new wave in the study of plant biology.

Questions on unusual Mimivirus-like structures observed in human cells

TLDR
The main hypotheses are that the structures could be either giant viruses having a retroviral antigenicity or ancestral cellular components having a viral origin, however, other possible alternatives have been proposed to explain the nature and function of the newly identified structures.

The amazing brain

TLDR
This is a short story about the evolution of the science on the human brain and about major brain discoveries that gives a concise historic perspective of the understanding of the nervous system from ancient Egypt to the birth of Renaissance.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 85 REFERENCES

One hundred years of the Golgi apparatus: history of a disputed cell organelle

TLDR
Linked to the cell organelle he had discovered, Golgi’s contributions to cytology had a great impact on biomedical sciences of the twentieth century.

Camillo Golgi and the discovery of the Golgi apparatus

TLDR
The discovery of the Golgi apparatus is added to the long list of accidental discoveries because the man after whom it is named was not a cytologist engaged in studying the inner structure of the cell, but a pathologist searching to prove a neuroanatomical theory.

Further Remarks on the Golgi Element

TLDR
The Golgi element has been reinvestigated in the same kinds of cells as were the subject of the author9s 1944 paper and the opinion as to the structural plan set out in the earlier paper has been confirmed in the main.

Memoirs: The Structure and Chemical Composition of the Golgi Element

TLDR
In this investigation reliance has been placed chiefly on vital observations and on the results of the formal-sudan-black technique, a colouring agent with an intense affinity for lipoids, to give an accurate picture of the structure of the Golgi element during life.

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE GOLGI COMPLEX

TLDR
A comparison will be made of the ultrastructure of the Golgi complex in a series of cell types, one primarily secretory, one primary absorptive, one thought to be both secretory and absorptive in function, and one in the process of differentiation.

Ultrastructure of Golgi apparatus of exocrine cells of mouse pancreas.

From the ”apparato reticolare interno” to ”the Golgi”: 100 years of Golgi apparatus research

TLDR
The discussion of the Golgi apparatus was characterized by a great variety of theories and innovative terminology, with signs of keen interest already evident during the era of light microscopy.

ON THE NATURE OF THE CANALICULAR APPARATUS OF ANIMAL CELLS

TLDR
The progress that has been made along the different lines of investigation is summarized, and the interpretations of these structures which have been advanced by different workers are considered.
...