How Biofilms Evade Host Defenses.

  title={How Biofilms Evade Host Defenses.},
  author={Emmanuel Roilides and Maria Simitsopoulou and Aspasia Katragkou and Thomas J. Walsh},
  journal={Microbiology spectrum},
  volume={3 3}
The steps involved during the biofilm growth cycle include attachment to a substrate followed by more permanent adherence of the microorganisms, microcolony arrangement, and cell detachment required for the dissemination of single or clustered cells to other organ systems. Various methods have been developed for biofilm detection and quantitation. Biofilm-producing microorganisms can be detected in tissue culture plates, using silicone tubes and staining methods, and by visual assessment using… 

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