How Affective Polarization Shapes Americans’ Political Beliefs: A Study of Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

@article{Druckman2020HowAP,
  title={How Affective Polarization Shapes Americans’ Political Beliefs: A Study of Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic},
  author={James N. Druckman and Samara Klar and Yanna Krupnikov and Matthew Levendusky and John Barry Ryan},
  journal={Journal of Experimental Political Science},
  year={2020},
  pages={1 - 12}
}
Abstract Affective polarization – partisans’ dislike and distrust of those from the other party – has reached historically high levels in the United States. While numerous studies estimate its effect on apolitical outcomes (e.g., dating and economic transactions), we know much less about its effects on political beliefs. We argue that those who exhibit high levels of affective polarization politicize ostensibly apolitical issues and actors. An experiment focused on responses to COVID-19 that… 

Does Affective Polarization Undermine Democratic Norms or Accountability? Maybe Not

Scholars warn that affective polarization undermines democratic norms and accountability. If citizens increasingly detest the other party’s supporters, are they more likely to endorse norm

The relationship between affective polarization and democratic backsliding: comparative evidence

ABSTRACT Why do voters vote for undemocratic politicians in a democracy? My chief contention is that affective polarization has become a primary factor driving support for undemocratic politicians.

Political Polarization During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Affective polarization has increased substantially in the United States and countries of Europe over the last decades and the ramifications of the COVID-19 pandemic have the potential to drastically

The effects of partisan framing on COVID-19 attitudes: Experimental evidence from early and late pandemic

Political polarization has dominated news coverage of Americans’ responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. In this research note, we report findings from two experimental studies, in which we present

The (Null) Effects of Happiness on Affective Polarization, Conspiracy Endorsement, and Deep Fake Recognition: Evidence from Five Survey Experiments in Three Countries

TLDR
Happiness had no effects on affective polarization toward political outgroups and hostility toward various divisive social groups, and also on endorsement of conspiracy theories and beliefs that a deep fake was real.

Politicians polarize and experts depolarize public support for COVID-19 management policies across countries

Significance Political polarization impeded public support for policies to address the spread of COVID-19, much as polarization hinders responses to other societal challenges. The present

A Partisan Pandemic: How COVID-19 Was Primed for Polarization

Americans who affiliate with both major political parties rapidly formed diverging attitudes about the COVID-19 pandemic. Matters of scientific concern have elicited partisan reactions in the past,

Political Polarization: Challenges, Opportunities, and Hope for Consumer Welfare, Marketers, and Public Policy

Political polarization is a marked political division in the population, characterized by multiple manifestations. The authors argue that it can affect consumer psychology, which in turn influences

Moral Emotions Shape the Virality of COVID-19 Misinformation on Social Media

While false rumors pose a threat to the successful overcoming of the COVID-19 pandemic, an understanding of how rumors diffuse in online social networks is – even for non-crisis situations – still in

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 36 REFERENCES

Affect, Not Ideology A Social Identity Perspective on Polarization

The current debate over the extent of polarization in the American mass public focuses on the extent to which partisans’ policy preferences have moved. Whereas "maximalists" claim that partisans’

The Origins and Consequences of Affective Polarization in the United States

While previously polarization was primarily seen only in issue-based terms, a new type of division has emerged in the mass public in recent years: Ordinary Americans increasingly dislike and distrust

How Ideology Fuels Affective Polarization

Scholars have reached mixed conclusions about the implications of increased political polarization for citizen decision-making. In this paper, we argue that citizens respond to ideological divergence

Americans, Not Partisans: Can Priming American National Identity Reduce Affective Polarization?

In recent years, Americans have become more affectively polarized: that is, ordinary Democrats and Republicans increasingly dislike and distrust members of the opposing party. Such polarization is

What Do We Measure When We Measure Affective Polarization?

Affective polarization—the tendency of Democrats and Republicans to dislike and distrust one another—has become an important phenomenon in American politics. Yet, despite scholarly attention to this

The Ideological Foundations of Affective Polarization in the U.S. Electorate

Democratic and Republican partisans dislike the opposing party and its leaders far more than in the past. However, recent studies have argued that the rise of affective polarization in the electorate

Beyond the Running Tally: Partisan Bias in Political Perceptions

I examine the impact of long-term partisan loyalties on perceptions of specific political figures and events. In contrast to the notion of partisanship as a simple “running tally” of political

Expressive Partisanship: Campaign Involvement, Political Emotion, and Partisan Identity

Party identification is central to the study of American political behavior, yet there remains disagreement over whether it is largely instrumental or expressive in nature. We draw on social identity

The Correlates of Discord: Identity, Issue Alignment, and Political Hostility in Polarized America

The American public remains largely moderate on many issues, but incivility and hostility are rife in American politics. In this paper, I argue that the alignment of multiple issue attitudes along

The role of value perceptions in intergroup conflict and cooperation

  • A. Howat
  • Psychology
    Politics, Groups, and Identities
  • 2019
ABSTRACT Democratic politics, at its core, consists of competition between group interests. What brings groups into social and political conflict with each other, and what may instead drive them to