How “Caucasoids” Got Such Big Crania and Why They Shrank

  title={How “Caucasoids” Got Such Big Crania and Why They Shrank},
  author={Leonard Lieberman},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={69 - 95}
  • L. Lieberman
  • Published 1 February 2001
  • Sociology
  • Current Anthropology
In the 19th century measurements of cranial capacity by Morton and others supported a Caucasoid > Mongoloid > Negroid hierarchy of intelligence. This continued through most of the 20th century but was challenged by a nonhierarchical view originating with Boas. Beginning in the 1980s Rushton correlated cranial and IQ measurements and presented a hierarchy with Mongoloids at the top. Each of these periods relates to its social context: the 19thcentury hierarchy paralleled the height of European… 
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