How (not) to Use Welch's T-test in Side-Channel Security Evaluations

@article{Standaert2017HowT,
  title={How (not) to Use Welch's T-test in Side-Channel Security Evaluations},
  author={François-Xavier Standaert},
  journal={IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive},
  year={2017},
  volume={2017},
  pages={138}
}
The Test Vector Leakage Assessment (TVLA) methodology is a qualitative tool relying on Welch’s T-test to assess the security of cryptographic implementations against side-channel attacks. Despite known limitations (e.g., risks of false negatives and positives), it is sometimes considered as a pass-fail test to determine whether such implementations are “safe” or not (without clear definition of what is “safe”). In this note, we clarify the limited quantitative meaning of this test when used as… CONTINUE READING
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The generalization of Student’s problem when several different population variances are involved

Bernard L. Welch
1947
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