How "Free" Is Free Riding in Civil Wars?: Violence, Insurgency, and the Collective Action Problem

@article{Kalyvas2007HowI,
  title={How "Free" Is Free Riding in Civil Wars?: Violence, Insurgency, and the Collective Action Problem},
  author={Stathis N. Kalyvas and Matthew Adam Kocher},
  journal={World Politics},
  year={2007},
  volume={59},
  pages={177 - 216}
}
That rebels face a collective action problem is one of the most widely shared assumptions in the literature on civil wars. The authors argue that the collective action paradigm can be both descriptively inaccurate and analytically misleading when it comes to civil wars. They question both pillars of the paradigm as applied to the study of civil wars, namely, the free-riding incentive generated by the public goods dimension of insurgency and the risks of individual participation in insurgent… 

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