How) Does The Sexual Orientation Of Parents Matter

  title={How) Does The Sexual Orientation Of Parents Matter},
  author={Judith Stacey and Timothy J. Biblarz},
  journal={American Sociological Review},
Opponents of lesbian and gay parental rights claim that children with lesbigay parents are at higher risk for a variety of negative outcomes. Yet most research in psychology concludes that there are no differences in developmental outcomes between children raised by lesbigay parents and those raised by heterosexual parents. The analysis here challenges this defensive conceptual framework and analyzes how heterosexism has hampered intellectual progress in the field. The authors discuss… 

Tables from this paper

A Review and Critique of Research on Same-Sex Parenting and Adoption

Relationship instability appears to be higher among gay and lesbian parent couples and may be a key mediating factor influencing outcomes for children, and relationship instability in same-sex adoption is higher.

Intergenerational Transfer of Parental Sexual Orientation and Other Myths

Are same-sex parents more likely to raise lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) children than are heterosexual parents? Since 1991, the answers from social science theory and the answers suggested by much

(How) does it make a difference? Perspectives of adults with lesbian, gay, and bisexual parents.

  • A. Goldberg
  • Psychology
    The American journal of orthopsychiatry
  • 2007
Qualitative analysis revealed that adults felt that they were more tolerant and open minded and had more flexible ideas about gender and sexuality as a function of growing up with LGB parents.

The Minority Stress of Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Parents. Specificity of Polish Context

Previous research on LGB parenting is dominated by comparing the LGB families to traditional families with heterosexual parents. Little is known about personal experiences of LGB parents and

Constructions and Socialization of Gender and Sexuality in Lesbian-/Gay-Headed Families

West and Zimmerman (1987) postulated that "it is through socialization...that children...learn how to do gender in interaction and how to avoid sanctions for doing it wrong" (p. 457). Drawing from a

Promoting the Well-Being of ChildrenWhose Parents Are Gay or Lesbian abstract

Extensive data available from more than 30 years of research reveal that children raised by gay and lesbian parents have demonstrated resilience with regard to social, psychological, and sexual

Lesbian and Gay Parenting Post-Heterosexual Divorce and Separation

This chapter begins by discussing initial research on same-gender parenting, which addressed theoretical questions on the influence of parenting on children’s social development and empirically

Promoting the Well-Being of Children Whose Parents Are Gay or Lesbian

Paths to parenthood that include assisted reproductive techniques, adoption, and foster parenting should focus on competency of the parents rather than their sexual orientation.

“Second Generation” Voices: Queer Youth with Lesbian/Bisexual Mothers

Findings suggest that LGBTQ parents may have a uniquely positive influence on their LGBTQ children in regard to their sexual and gender identity development.

(De)Sexing the family

Many legal arguments pertaining to equal rights for gay and lesbian families have relied upon empirical research on the `healthy' childraising environment of these families. While neither disputing



Children of lesbian and gay parents.

There is no evidence that the development of children with lesbian or gay parents is compromised in any significant respect relative to that among children of heterosexual parents in otherwise comparable circumstances.

Do Parents Influence the Sexual Orientation of Their Children? Findings from a Longitudinal Study of Lesbian Families.

Findings are presented of a longitudinal study of the sexual orientation of adults who had been raised as children in lesbian families. Twenty-five children of lesbian mothers and a control group of

Comparing the impact of homosexual and heterosexual parents on children: meta-analysis of existing research.

The data fail to support the continuation of a bias against homosexual parents by any court, and no differences on any measures between the heterosexual and homosexual parents regarding parenting styles, emotional adjustment, and sexual orientation of the child.

Sameness and difference in research on lesbian parenting

Most psychological, social science and feminist work on lesbian parenting searches for similarities and differences between lesbian and heterosexual parents. Using a feminist constructionist

A Review of Data Based Studies Addressing the Affects of Homosexual Parenting on Children's Sexual and Social Functioning

Part of the intellectual and political movement to provide homosexuals equal rights and opportunities under the law extends to homosexuals and bisexuals seeking custody of their biological children

Gay and lesbian parents.

The findings suggest that being homosexual is clearly compatible with effective parenting and is not a major issue in parents' relationships with their children.

Sexual Orientation of Adult Sons of Gay Fathers

The sexual development of children of gay and lesbian parents is interesting for both scientific and social reasons The present study is the largest to date to focus on the sexual orientation of


This article focuses on the experiences of becoming and being mothers for lesbian co-parents who have children via donor insemination. Rather than the presence of children incorporating lesbians into

Lesbians choosing motherhood: A comparative study of lesbian and heterosexual parents and their children.

This study compared 15 lesbian couples and the 3- to 9-year-old children born to them through donor insemination with 15 matched, heterosexual-parent families. A variety of assessment measures were

Psychosocial adjustment among children conceived via donor insemination by lesbian and heterosexual mothers.

Examination of the relations among family structure, family process, and the psychological adjustment of children who had been conceived via donor insemination showed that children were developing in normal fashion, and that their adjustment was unrelated to structural variables such as parental sexual orientation or the number of parents in the household.