House Sparrows: Rapid Evolution of Races in North America

@article{Johnston1964HouseSR,
  title={House Sparrows: Rapid Evolution of Races in North America},
  author={Richard F. Johnston and Robert K. Selander},
  journal={Science},
  year={1964},
  volume={144},
  pages={548 - 550}
}
Conspicuous adaptive differentiation in color and size has occurred in the house sparrow (Passer domesticus) in North America and the Hawaiian Islands since its introduction in the middle of the 19th century. Patterns of geographic variation in North America parallel those shown by native polytypic species, in conformity with Gloger's and Bergmann's ecogeographic rules. Racial differentiation of house sparrow populations may require no more than 50 years. 

EVOLUTION IN THE HOUSE SPARROW. I. INTRAPOPULATION VARIATION IN NORTH AMERICA

An analysis of individual, age, and sexual variation in external morphological characters undertaken in preparation for studies of geographic variation in North American populations is presented.

Breeding Ecology of House Sparrows: Spatial Variation

The geographic patterns in body size and dimensions, and those in plumage characters, agree with Bergmann's, Allen's and Gloger's ecogeographic rules, respectively.

Status of the North American Population of the European Tree Sparrow

The European Tree Sparrow, Passer montanus, has spread but little from the time of introduction and seemingly has diverged only slightly from the European parental stock.

House Sparrows: Evolution of Populations from the Great Plains and Colorado Rockies

The results confirm earlier reports that North American House Sparrows have undergone conspicuous adaptive differentiation in color and morphology and relate these patterns of variation to climatic gradients encountered along the transect.

MORPHOMETRIC DIFFERENTIATION IN NEW ZEALAND POPULATIONS OF THE HOUSE SPARROW (PASSER DOMESTICUS)

  • A. Baker
  • Biology
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1980
In the evolutionarily minute time of about 100 years, North American populations of house sparrows have developed significant interlocality differentiation in size and it is suggested from reanalysis of the classical Bumpus data that there are viability components of fitness associated with size at the intralocality level (Johnston et al., 1972).

Genetic differentiation and rates of evolution in some introduced populations of the House Sparrow, Passer domesticus in Australia and New Zealand

The differentiation between the British and European material is consistent with a rate of evolution of 10−7 electrophoretically detectable amino acid substitutions per locus per year over the two thousand years since the colonisation of the British Isles.

ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF THE EASTERN

eastern population. The case of the House Finch parallels that of the House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) in its rapid evolutionary change after introduction and spread into new environments. Several

OF THE HOUSE SPARROW (PASSER DOMESTICUS)

During the nineteenth century settlers in various parts of the New World sought to familiarize their surroundings by importing common European birds, which are now of special interest to evolutionists because both the time frame and antecedent stock are documented.

CHARACTER VARIATION AND ADAPTATION IN EUROPEAN SPARROWS

Results of multivariate cluster analyses are such that specimen localities show regularity in clustering occurrence when grouped by 33 male specimen characters, by 27 female specimenCharacters, or by 37 mean monthly climatic characters, suggesting that at least part of the character variation used to construct infraspecific classifications of these sparrows is elaborated by finely-graded climatic differences.

The house sparrow in the service of basic and applied biology

The natural history of house sparrows is reviewed, what the study of these birds has meant to bioscience generally is highlighted, and the many resources available for future work on this species are described.
...

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