Hostility and urine norepinephrine interact to predict insulin resistance: the VA Normative Aging Study.

  title={Hostility and urine norepinephrine interact to predict insulin resistance: the VA Normative Aging Study.},
  author={Jian-ping Zhang and Raymond Niaura and Joshua R Dyer and Biing-Jiun Shen and John F. Todaro and Jeanne M. McCaffery and A. G. Spiro and Kenneth D. Ward},
  journal={Psychosomatic medicine},
  volume={68 5},
OBJECTIVE Previous research has produced mixed results pertaining to the association between hostility and insulin resistance. These inconsistent findings may be the result of a lack of studies examining potential moderators of this relationship and inconsistent measures of insulin resistance and/or hostility. We hypothesized that hostility may interact with circulating norepinephrine (NEPI) levels, indexed by 24-hour urine concentrations, to affect insulin resistance. METHODS Six hundred… CONTINUE READING
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