Host specificity and non-target longevity of Calophya lutea and Calophya terebinthifolii, two potential biological control agents of Brazilian peppertree in Florida, USA

  title={Host specificity and non-target longevity of Calophya lutea and Calophya terebinthifolii, two potential biological control agents of Brazilian peppertree in Florida, USA},
  author={Patricia Prade and Carey R. Minteer and Salvador A. Gezan and Vera Carolina Arguijo and Kristen Bowers and James P. Cuda and William A. Overholt},
Brazilian peppertree ( Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi, Anacardiaceae) is an aggressive invasive species that occurs in peninsular Florida, USA. Current management techniques are expensive, require repeated application, and cause non-target damage in ecologically sensitive habitats. Calophya lutea Burckhardt and Calophya terebinthifolii Burckhardt & Basset (Hemiptera: Calophyidae) were found damaging Brazilian peppertree in Brazil. To determine if C. lutea and C. terebinthifolii are suitable… 
Investigating the potential for plant-mediated interactions between two biological control agents for Brazilian peppertree
Results suggest that even when HR is elicited by prior feeding of Calophya lutea, it will not affect P. ichini feeding and reproduction and should enhance control of BP.
Uncovering the phylogeography of Schinus terebinthifolia in South Africa to guide biological control
The presence of only one haplotype in South Africa highlights the need to ensure no further introductions of other haplotypes of the plant are made, in order to avoid similar hybridization events like those recorded in Florida.


Biology, Host Preferences, and Potential Distribution of Calophya terebinthifolii (Hemiptera: Calophyidae), a Candidate for Biological Control of Brazilian Peppertree, Schinus terebinthifolia, in Florida
Preliminary evidence from feeding trials suggests this psyllid from the Atlantic coastal region of Santa Catarina is locally adapted to Brazilian peppertree plants of haplotype A, which is one of the genetic types that invaded Florida.
Host specificity testing and examination for plant pathogens reveals that the gall‐inducing psyllid Calophya latiforceps is safe to release for biological control of Brazilian peppertree
It is concluded that releasing C. latiforceps in the USA will have extremely low risk to non‐target plants, and provides another tool for the management of S. terebinthifolia.
Native range density, host utilisation and life history of Calophya latiforceps (Hemiptera: Calophyidae): an herbivore of Brazilian Peppertree (Schinus terebinthifolia)
Gall densities in Bahia were quantified and the life history adaptations of C. latiforceps appeared to have characteristics of a promising candidate for biological control of Brazilian peppertree under greenhouse conditions.
Brazilian Collections and Laboratory Biology of the Thrips Pseudophilothrips ichini (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae): A Potential Biological Control Agent of the Invasive Weed Brazilian Peppertree (Sapindales: Anacardiaceae)
Observations in Brazil indicated that this thrips occurs year round and may occasionally reach high densities (>20 thrips/leaf).
Galls induced by Calophya latiforceps (Hemiptera: Calophyidae) reduce leaf performance and growth of Brazilian peppertree
Results of these studies suggest that C. latiforceps will negatively affect the growth of the Brazilian peppertree if released in Florida.
Comparison of two populations of Pseudophilothrips ichini (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) as candidates for biological control of the invasive weed Schinus terebinthifolia (Sapindales: Anacardiaceae)
The difference in model predictions suggests an apparent preadaptation of the Salvador thrips to lower temperatures than those experienced at the locations they were collected in Brazil, which may result in lower weed reproduction and densities in the field.
Effects of Defoliation on Growth and Reproduction of Brazilian Peppertree (Schinus Terebinthifolius)
It is inferred that multiple defoliations by insect defoliators have the potential to significantly suppress the growth and fruit production of Brazilian peppertree in Florida.
Taxonomy of Calophya (Hemiptera: Calophyidae) Species Associated with Schinus terebinthifolia (Anacardiaceae)
The taxonomy of Brazilian peppertree, Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi (Anacardaceae), native to Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, is revised and 2 species are described as new, viz.