Host age, sex, and reproductive seasonality affect nematode parasitism in wild Japanese macaques

Abstract

Parasites are characteristically aggregated within hosts, but identifying the mechanisms underlying such aggregation can be difficult in wildlife populations. We examined the influence of host age and sex over an annual cycle on the eggs per gram of feces (EPG) of nematode parasites infecting wild Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata yakui) on Yakushima Island… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s10329-010-0211-9

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