Hospital-acquired pneumonia: risk factors, microbiology, and treatment.

  title={Hospital-acquired pneumonia: risk factors, microbiology, and treatment.},
  author={Joseph Pedulla Lynch},
  volume={119 2 Suppl},
Pneumonia complicates hospitalization in 0.5 to 2.0% of patients and is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Risk factors for hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) include mechanical ventilation for > 48 h, residence in an ICU, duration of ICU or hospital stay, severity of underlying illness, and presence of comorbidities. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Enterobacter are the most common causes of HAP. Nearly half of HAP cases are polymicrobial. In patients… CONTINUE READING


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