Hospital-Acquired Anemia: A Contemporary Review of Etiologies and Prevention Strategies

@article{Martin2015HospitalAcquiredAA,
  title={Hospital-Acquired Anemia: A Contemporary Review of Etiologies and Prevention Strategies},
  author={Niels Douglas Martin and Dane R. Scantling},
  journal={Journal of Infusion Nursing},
  year={2015},
  volume={38},
  pages={330–338}
}
Advances in medicine have significantly improved lives and life spans globally. However, these practices have come with their own set of secondary consequences. Hospital-acquired anemia is one such consequence and is conferred by new medicines, operations, procedures, and tests. In this review, the authors will explore the data on this poorly considered phenomenon and discuss the etiologies, outcomes, and prevention strategies for some of the more prolific causes of hospital-acquired anemia… 
Incidence, Predictors, and Outcomes of Hospital‐Acquired Anemia
TLDR
Severe HAA is associated with increased odds for 30‐day mortality and readmission after discharge; however, it is uncertain whether severe H AA is preventable.
Correlation between Phlebotomy Blood Loss and Hospital- Acquired Anemia among Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients
TLDR
Future HAA prevention efforts are recommended to be effective if they include multimodal interventions that both decrease unnecessary phlebotomy blood loss through puncturing and bleeding and no significant correlation between HAA and gender & length of hospital stay is identified.
Anemia in hospitalized patients: an overlooked risk in medical care
This study investigated the association between nadir anemia and mortality and length of stay (LOS) in a general population of hospitalized patients.
Transfusion-related Acute Lung Injury in the Perioperative Patient.
TLDR
Anesthesiologists need to consider transfusion-related acute lung injury in the perioperative setting, identify at-risk patients, recognize early signs of transfusions-related severe lung injury, and have established strategies for its prevention and treatment.

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