Horticulture and Health in the Middle Ages: Images from the Tacuinum Sanitatis

  title={Horticulture and Health in the Middle Ages: Images from the Tacuinum Sanitatis},
  author={Jules Janick and Marie Christine Daunay and Harry S. Paris},
Lavishly illustrated late 14th century manuscripts known as the Tacuinum Sanitatis, a guide for healthy living, were based on an 11th century Arabic manuscript known as the Taqwim al-Sihha bi al-Ashab al-Sitta (Rectifying Health by Six Causes) written by the physician and philosopher Ibn Butlan (d. 1063). The expensive, illustrated Tacuinum Sanitatis tomes portray a utopian feudal society in which nobles are engaged in play and romance while feudal laborers work the estate. Rich in… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Cucurbits and Nightshades of Renaissance England: John Gerard and William Shakespeare

John Gerard (1545–1612) author of the most famous English Herball of 1597 and the playwright William Shakespeare (1564–1616) were contemporaries in London. Their references to cucurbits

Medieval herbal iconography and lexicography of Cucumis (cucumber and melon, Cucurbitaceae) in the Occident, 1300-1458.

The absence of melon in some manuscripts and the expropriation of the Latin cucumis/cucumer indicate replacement of vegetable melons by cucumbers during the medieval period in Europe.

Simia langobardorum: Were African apes traded in late medieval Lombardy?

Depictions of and references to apes (tailless hominoids) are very limited in early historical written accounts. The first known published representations of ape‐like primates appear in Medieval

Qarakhanids on the Edge of the Bukhara Oasis: Archaeobotany of Medieval Paykend

The urban center of Paykend was an exchange node just off the main corridor of the Silk Road in the Bukhara Oasis on the edge of the hyperarid Kyzyl–Kum Desert. The city was occupied from the end of


Early anatomical studies carried out on foetuses and adult dromedaries that were kept at San Rossore, Italy, revealed the presence of an atrophic second hump anterior to the single hump present in

Lifespans of the European Elite, 800–1800

  • N. Cummins
  • History
    The Journal of Economic History
  • 2017
I analyze the adult age at death of 115,650 European nobles from 800 to 1800. Longevity began increasing long before 1800 and the Industrial Revolution, with marked increases around 1400 and again



The Cucurbitaceae and Solanaceae illustrated in medieval manuscripts known as the Tacuinum Sanitatis.

Similarities and differences in botanical accuracy among the images of Cucurbitaceae and Solanaceae in the six archetypal Tacuinum manuscripts suggest to us that another illustrated TacuinUM, now lost, may have antedated and served as a model or inspiration for the six surviving archetypic manuscripts.

Recognition of Fruit and Vegetables as Healthful: Vitamins and Phytonutrients

Clinical and in vitro data have, to some degree, supported the claims that certain foods have the potential to deter disease, however much research remains to be conducted in order to definitively answer specific dietary-based questions about food and health.

The medieval health handbook “Tacuinum sanitatis”

The advice offered by the lively images from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries featured here is sometimes comically anachronistic, but is often evidence of a remarkably modern sophistication

Beginnings of Fruit Growing in the Old World

It was concluded that introgression from the diversified wild gene pool facilitated the rapid buildup of variation in the domesticated crops and traced the various countermeasures that evolved to ensure fruit set.

Tacuinum Sanitatis: An Early Renaissance Guide to Health

Ancient Chinese literature reveals pathways of eggplant domestication.

The analysis reveals that the process of domestication of the eggplant in China involved three principal aspects of fruit quality: size, shape and taste, and that over time, a wider variety of fruit shapes was cultivated.

Le Taqwim al Sihha (Tacuini Sanitatis) d'Ibn Butlan: Un traité médical du XI e siècle

  • 1990

Le Taqwim al Sihha (Tacuini Sanitatis) d’Ibn Butlan: Un traité médical du XI siècle

  • Peeters, Louvain.
  • 1990

Historia plantarum, erbe, oro e medicina nei codici medievali, volume di commento

  • Franco Cosimo Panini, Modena, pp. 123–170.
  • 2002