Horsetails and ferns are a monophyletic group and the closest living relatives to seed plants

@article{Pryer2001HorsetailsAF,
  title={Horsetails and ferns are a monophyletic group and the closest living relatives to seed plants},
  author={Kathleen M Pryer and Harald Schneider and Alan R. Smith and Raymond Cranfill and Paul G Wolf and Jeffrey S. Hunt and Sedonia D Sipes},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2001},
  volume={409},
  pages={618-622}
}
Most of the 470-million-year history of plants on land belongs to bryophytes, pteridophytes and gymnosperms, which eventually yielded to the ecological dominance by angiosperms 90 Myr ago. Our knowledge of angiosperm phylogeny, particularly the branching order of the earliest lineages, has recently been increased by the concurrence of multigene sequence analyses. However, reconstructing relationships for all the main lineages of vascular plants that diverged since the Devonian period has… Expand
Phylogeny and evolution of charophytic algae and land plants
TLDR
P phylogenetic results will facilitate evolutionary developmental studies of these key traits of the plant life cycle, multicellularity, and gravitropism, which will help to gain mechanistic understanding on how plants adapted to environmental challenges when they colonized the land during one of the major transitions in evolution of life. Expand
Phylogeny and evolution of charophytic algae and land plants
Charophytic algae and land plants together make up a monophyletic group, streptophytes, which represents one of the main lineages of multicellular eukaryotes and has contributed greatly to the changeExpand
A molecular phylogeny of scaly tree ferns (Cyatheaceae).
TLDR
This work investigates the phylogenetic relationships of scaly tree ferns based on DNA sequence data from five plastid regions and concludes that indusium shape is homoplastic it does contain useful phylogenetic information that supports some of the larger clades recognised. Expand
Homospory 2002: An Odyssey of Progress in Pteridophyte Genetics and Evolutionary Biology
TLDR
This review will consider how new discoveries, insights, and hypotheses have modified the authors' perceptions of homosporous pteridophytes and assess the impact that these changes have had on understanding basic aspects of plant genetics. Expand
Evolutionary Genomics of Ferns and Lycophytes
TLDR
This chapter reviews what is known about fern and lycophyte genomes (nuclear, chloroplast, and mitochondrial) and transcriptomes and presents an outlook on the future of genome research in these groups, including outstanding challenges in plant biology that will be illuminated by incorporating information on ferns and Lycophytes. Expand
Chloroplast phylogenomics resolves key relationships in ferns
TLDR
Chloroplast phylogenomics shows great potential in providing a framework for testing the impact of reticulate evolution in the early evolution of ferns, and has recent parallel advances in the phylogenetics using nuclear data. Expand
Ferns diversified in the shadow of angiosperms
TLDR
It is shown that polypod ferns (> 80% of living fern species) diversified in the Cretaceous, after angiosperms, suggesting perhaps an ecological opportunistic response to the diversification of angios perms, as angiosPerms came to dominate terrestrial ecosystems. Expand
Phylogeny and evolution of ferns (monilophytes) with a focus on the early leptosporangiate divergences.
The phylogenetic structure of ferns (= monilophytes) is explored here, with a special focus on the early divergences among leptosporangiate lineages. Despite considerable progress in ourExpand
Complete plastome sequences of Equisetum arvense and Isoetes flaccida: implications for phylogeny and plastid genome evolution of early land plant lineages
TLDR
Results from this study demonstrate resolution among the four monilophytes lineages, albeit with moderate support; and posit a clade consisting of Equisetaceae and Psilotaceae that is sister to the "true ferns," including Marattiaceae. Expand
Horsetails are the sister group to all other monilophytes and Marattiales are sister to leptosporangiate ferns.
TLDR
Under denseTaxon sampling, phylogenetic information from a prudent choice of loci is currently superior to character-rich phylogenomic approaches at low taxon sampling. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 58 REFERENCES
The earliest angiosperms: evidence from mitochondrial, plastid and nuclear genomes
TLDR
This study demonstrates that Amboreella, Nymphaeales and Illiciales-Trimeniaceae-Austrobaileya represent the first stage of angiosperm evolution, with Amborella being sister to all other angiosperms, and shows that Gnetales are related to the conifers and are not sister to the angios perms, thus refuting the Anthophyte Hypothesis. Expand
The gain of three mitochondrial introns identifies liverworts as the earliest land plants
The first evidence for the emergence of land plants (embryophytes) consists of mid-Ordovician spore tetrads (∼476 Myr old),. The identity of the early plants that produced these spores is unclear;Expand
Phylogenetic relationships of land plants using mitochondrial small-subunit rDNA sequences.
TLDR
This study represents the first use of mitochondrial 19S rDNA for phylogenetic purposes and it appears well-suited for examining intermediate to deep evolutionary relationships among embryophytes. Expand
Seed plant phylogeny inferred from all three plant genomes: monophyly of extant gymnosperms and origin of Gnetales from conifers.
TLDR
The Gnetales may be viewed as extremely divergent conifers, and the many morphological similarities between angiosperms and G netales arose independently. Expand
Phylogeny of seed plants based on all three genomic compartments: extant gymnosperms are monophyletic and Gnetales' closest relatives are conifers.
TLDR
The molecular phylogeny strongly conflicts with current interpretations of seed plant morphology, and implies that many similarities between gnetophytes and angiosperms were independently derived, whereas other characters could emerge as synapomorphies for an expanded conifer group including Gnetales. Expand
Phylogenetic relationships of extant ferns based on evidence from morphology and rbcL sequences
TLDR
The first cladistic analysis of extant ferns based on morphological characters is presented, showing the value of using both molecular and morphological data sets in combination as well as separately, and bootstrap support for the leptosporangiate fern clades is much greater using the combined data set than when either the morphological or the molecular data set is analyzed separately. Expand
SUMMARY OF GREEN PLANT PHYLOGENY AND CLASSIFICATION
TLDR
A cladogram of green plants involving all major extant groups of green algae, bryophytes, pteridophytes and seed plants is presented and a cladistic classification consistent with the cladogram is presented. Expand
Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from multiple genes as a tool for comparative biology
TLDR
The results of parsimony analyses of DNA sequences of the plastid genes rbcL and atpB and the nuclear 18S rDNA for 560 species of angiosperms and seven non-flowering seed plants are reported and show a well-resolved and well-supported phylogenetic tree for the angios perms for use in comparative biology. Expand
Chloroplast DNA Evidence on the Ancient Evolutionary Split in Vascular Land Plants
TLDR
Characterization of tracheophyte cpDNAs shows that lycopsids share the gene order with bryophytes, whereas all other vascular plants share the inverted gene order, providing strong support for the fundamental nature of the phylogenetic separation of lyCopsids and marks the ancient evolutionary split in early vascular land plants. Expand
Vegetative and reproductive innovations of early land plants: implications for a unified phylogeny.
TLDR
Development and structural innovations suggest the three bryophyte groups diverged prior to elaboration of this generation, and phylogenetic analysis of three different data sets is the most comprehensive to date and points to a single phylogenetic solution for the evolution of basal embryophytes. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...