Horseback Riding for Individuals with Disabilities: Programs, Philosophy, and Research

  title={Horseback Riding for Individuals with Disabilities: Programs, Philosophy, and Research},
  author={Karen P. Depauw},
  journal={Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly},
  • K. Depauw
  • Published 1 July 1986
  • Psychology
  • Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
Although historical mention of horseback riding for individuals with disabilities can be traced through the centuries, programs of therapeutic riding were not established until the mid-1900s. Since its inception, horseback riding for the disabled has become diversified and increasingly sophisticated. As a result, the programs have a varying emphasis on riding as sport, recreation, education, or therapy. The literature contains articles describing therapeutic riding programs that include claims… 

"It's like being in another world": demonstrating the benefits of therapeutic horseback riding for individuals with psychiatric disability.

Five adults with longstanding histories of psychiatric disabilities were recruited for a ten-week therapeutic horseback riding program and reported success in learning basic horsemanship and reported additional psychosocial benefits, including an augmented sense of self-efficacy and self-esteem.

The Effects of Therapeutic Horseback Riding on Balance

This study sought to determine the effects of therapeutic horseback riding on the balance of eight individuals with mental retardation. The subjects were initially tested on four standing balance

The Effectiveness of Therapeutic Horseback Riding in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy

It is concluded that THR may be beneficial for some children with spastic cerebral palsy because some of the children improved significantly in the GMFM E (walk/run/jump) score and the total score.

Effect of therapeutic horseback riding on self-esteem and physical self-efficacy of college women

Therapeutic horseback riding, a term which takes into account the relationship formed with the horse both while riding and on the ground, has been widely accepted among the professionals in the

Horseback riding activities helps in co-curricular development

An equestrian sport is one of the interesting outdoor activities. This sport is one of the expensive co-curricular activities but the benefits are undeniable either to normal people or disable. The

Therapeutic Riding and Its Effect on Self-Esteem

This paper documents the history of equine assisted therapy, therapeutic riding programs and the value of utilizing the equine as part of an alternative program for children and adults with

The effectiveness of simulated developmental horse-riding program in children with autism.

Children with autism in this study showed improved motor proficiency and sensory integrative functions after 20-week SDHRP, and the therapeutic effect appeared to be sustained for at least 24 weeks (6 months).

Sport, Disability, and Women: A Study of Organised Swedish Disability Sport in 1969-2012

The results show that SHIF strove principally not for inclusion but for integration, and Swedish disability sport during this period was not included in the sports movement in general and integration work was, for the SHIF board, superordinate to the gender aspect.

Horseback riding in children with cerebral palsy: effect on gross motor function.

The effects of recreational horseback riding therapy (HBRT) on gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy were determined in a blinded study using the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM).

Horseback riding in children with cerebral palsy: effect on gross motor function

HBRT may improve gross motor function in children with CP, which may reduce the degree of motor disability, and horseback riding should be considered for sports therapy inChildren with CP.



Feasibility of horseback riding as a therapeutic and integrative program for handicapped children.

  • L. Wingate
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Physical therapy
  • 1982
Reports from England, Australia, and the United States have demonstrated that in a well-planned and carefully controlled program, horseback riding for the handicapped can provide a safe means of facilitating physical improvement in both minimally and extensively handicapped individuals.

Pilot Study of Novel Test Instrumentation to Evaluate Therapeutic Horseback Riding

Results from this pilot study appeared to support the use of the apparatus in that field setting and clinical impressions of therapists and parents suggested concomitant progress in characteristics such as self-confidence and interaction with others.

Divisions of horseback riding for the disabled: The need for semantics. (Mimeographed paper, Winslow Therapeutic Riding Unlimited, Inc., 340 A South Rt

  • 1984

Atlantoaxial instability in individuals with Down syndrome.

Every person with Down’s syndrome should have cervical spine x-rays before performing in certain sports even though the frequency of sports-induced neurological damage is low.

A role for therapeutic riding in special education. Therapeurisches Reiten ' 82 @p. 358-370)

  • Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on Therapeutic Riding
  • 1982

Therapy riding in Norway

  • 1982

Therapy riding in Norway. i'kerapeutisches Reiten

  • Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on Therapeutic Riding
  • 1982

Rehabilitative horseback riding for children with language disorders

The mystique of the horse is strong medicine: riding as therapeutic recreation.