Horse signals: The sounds and scents of fury

  title={Horse signals: The sounds and scents of fury},
  author={Daniel I. Rubenstein and Mace A. Hack},
  journal={Evolutionary Ecology},
During contests animals typically exchange information about fighting ability. Among feral horses these signals involve olfactory or acoustical elements and each type can effectively terminate contests before physical contact becomes necessary. Dung transplant experiments show that for stallions, irrespective of rank, olfactory signals such as dung sniffing… CONTINUE READING