Horns, Tusks, and Flippers: The Evolution of Hoofed Mammals

@inproceedings{Prothero2002HornsTA,
  title={Horns, Tusks, and Flippers: The Evolution of Hoofed Mammals},
  author={Donald Prothero and Robert Milton Schoch},
  year={2002}
}
Contents:Preface and Acknowledgments1. Introduction American savanna Names and dates Hoofed mammals Uinta beasts and the Cope-Marsh wars The lost world2. Cloven hooves The kingdom of cloven hooves Gut reactions "Bunny deer" Phosphate and fossils Pseudopigs Sui generis "Nebraska man" and javelinas The "river horse"3. Tylopods Camels without humps Ships of the desert "Mountain tooth"4. Where the deer and the antelope play Graveyard of the Amazons Horns and antlers "Mouse deer" The "forest donkey… 
A comprehensive phylogeny of extant horses, rhinos and tapirs (Perissodactyla) through data combination
TLDR
The first phylogenies to include all extant species of Perissodactyla (oddtoed hoofed mammals) and the recently extinct quagga are presented and the contentious affinity of the Sumatran rhino is resolved in favour of it forming a clade with the two Asian rhinos.
THE RECORD OF CAMELIDS (ARTIODACTYLA, CAMELIDAE) FROM THE VALSEQUILLO BASIN, LATE PLEISTOCENE OF PUEBLA STATE, CENTRAL MEXICO: TAXONOMY, DIET, AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION
TLDR
A comparative study indicates the presence of two species of camelids, including Hemiauchenia macrocephala and Camelops hesternus, which were common in Mexican sites between the 19°-25° N and in the late Pleistocene, and one of the few sites where both species have been reported.
Hunting Specialisation and the Broad Spectrum Revolution in the Early Epipalaeolithic: Gazelle Exploitation at Urkan e-Rubb IIa, Jordan Valley
This present research explores the impact of Flannery’s (1969) Broad Spectrum Revolution model within the context of the Levantine Epipalaeolithic, specifically the early (Kebaran) Epipalaeolithic.
Population structure of the gomphothere Stegomastodon waringi (Mammalia: Proboscidea: Gomphotheriidae) from the Pleistocene of Brazil.
TLDR
The Quaternary fossil record of Águas de Araxá is represented by an accumulation of skeletal elements of several sizes, which are assigned to a population of Stegomastodon waringi, which is considered as an aggregation of family units, which suggests a time of low environmental humidity.
A Small Camelid Hemiauchenia from the Late Pleistocene of Hidalgo, Central Mexico
Pleistocene camels from Mexico include representatives of llamas and camels. Their record spans from the Early Blancan to the Late Pleistocene, based on several localities in the northern,
A Roe Deer from the Pliocene of Hidalgo, Central Mexico
Mexican Pliocene cervids are very poorly known. We report on new fossil material of the roe deer Capreolus constantini recovered from the Pliocene Atotonilco El Grande Formation of Santa María
Old World camels in a modern world – a balancing act between conservation and genetic improvement
TLDR
This review on the molecular genetics of Old World camels gives an overview about the evolutionary history, domestication and dispersal, whereas highlighting the need for conservation of wild two‐humped camels (Camelus ferus) as an evolutionarily unique and highly endangered species.
Study of the axial skeleton in the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardis) compared to its bovine counterpart.
The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardis) is known as the tallest land mammal of African origins. Its unique evolution has led to the development of singular morphological features. Its rare presence
Evolutionary History of the Large Herbivores of South and Southeast Asia (Indomalayan Realm)
Modern day South and Southeast Asia falls almost entirely within a single biogeographic region, the Indomalayan Realm. Here, we review the Cenozoic geological and environmental history of the
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 124 REFERENCES
THE EVOLUTIONARY STRATEGY OF THE EQUIDAE AND THE ORIGINS OF RUMEN AND CECAL DIGESTION
  • C. Janis
  • Geography
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1976
TLDR
The perissodactyls were the dominant medium to largesized herbivores during the Eocene, and in the early Oligocene a reduction in their diversity coincided with the beginning radiations of the ruminant groups of artiodactylS.
Manatees and Dugongs
This book fully documents the natural history of "Sirenia", the order of aquatic mammals including manatees of the Caribbean, West Africa, and the Amazon, as well as the Indo-Pacific dugong. As these
The earliest known fully quadrupedal sirenian
TLDR
Eocene fossils from Jamaica are described that represent nearly the entire skeleton of a new genus and species of sirenian—the most primitive for which extensive postcranial remains are known and one of the most marked examples of morphological evolution in the vertebrate fossil record.
North American Eocene Sea Cows (Mammalia: Sirenia)
Domning, Daryl P., Gary S. Morgan, and Clayton E. Ray. North American Eocene Sea Cows (Mammalia: Sirenia). Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, number 52, 69 pages, 34 figures, 4 tables,
Evolution of manatees; a speculative history
The following historical scenario is proposed to explain the available data on manatee evolution. Protosiren-like sirenians probably reached the isolated South American continent in the Eocene; this
Natural History of South Africa
MR. FITZSIMONS'S volumes are not strictly zoological treatises. They are intended to supply information about the ways and habits of the creatures of veld, forest, mountain, and stream. It sounds
Whale Origins as a Poster Child for Macroevolution
TLDR
Although Darwin didn’t have the details right—bears did not evolve into whales—his basic point was correct: The authors can now show that whales are in fact hoofed mammals that took to sea.
Fossil Giraffes from the Miocene of Africa and a Revision of the Phylogeny of the Giraffoidea
TLDR
The relations of the giraffoids are assessed by methods of phylogenetic systematics and it is suggested that 'Palaeotragus' expectans and 'Palaelophrys' decipiens are closely related to Samotherium.
Evolution of feeding mechanisms in the family Deinotheriidae (Mammalia: Proboscidea)
TLDR
The fossil record of the extinct family Deinotheriidae is restricted to Neogene and early Quaternary faunas of the Old World and Evolutionary trends in the known representatives afford some indication of the nature of pre-Miocene adaptations.
...
...