Hormone therapy decision-making processes: Transgender youth and parents.

  title={Hormone therapy decision-making processes: Transgender youth and parents.},
  author={Beth A. Clark and Sheila K. Marshall and Elizabeth M. Saewyc},
  journal={Journal of adolescence},

An Integrative Review of Experiences Parenting Transgender and Gender Diverse Children

This integrative review synthesizes and appraises evidence regarding experiences of parenting a TGD child in the United States or Canada from 2008 to 2018 and describes most parents across these 15 studies described affirming their child’s gender at time of interview.

Experiences and Perspectives of Transgender Youths in Accessing Health Care: A Systematic Review.

This review found that transgender youths contend with feelings of gender incongruence, fear, and vulnerability in accessing health care, which can lead to disengagement from care and resorting to high-risk and unsafe interventions.

This Wasn’t a Split-Second Decision”: An Empirical Ethical Analysis of Transgender Youth Capacity, Rights, and Authority to Consent to Hormone Therapy

It is concluded that granting trans youth with decisional capacity both the right and the legal authority to consent to hormone therapy via the informed consent model of care is ethically justified.

Therapy Experiences of Transgender and Gender Diverse Adolescents and Their Caregivers

ABSTRACT Transgender and gender diverse (TGD) adolescents and their caregivers have highlighted the dearth of providers trained in gender-affirming practices as a critical treatment barrier, yet

Experiences of transgender and non-binary youth accessing gender-affirming care: A systematic review and meta-ethnography

A systematic review and meta-ethnography aimed to identify and synthesise data on youths’ experiences accessing gender-affirming healthcare, revealing the critical need for more research with non-binary youth and research which includes the population in the design.

Support for Mothers, Fathers, or Guardians of Transgender Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review on the Dynamics of Secondary Social Networks

Mothers’, fathers’, or guardians’ support for disclosures of diverse gender identity has significant relationships with decreased suicidality for transgender children and adolescents. They play an

Complex trauma and its relation to hope and hopelessness among young people in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

ABSTRACT Informed by an existing hope scale, we explored the roles of hope, happiness, and life satisfaction in adolescent risk behaviours in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, a setting with high

Association of Gender-Af fi rming Hormone Therapy With Depression, Thoughts of Suicide, and Attempted Suicide Among Transgender and Nonbinary Youth

Purpose: There are no large-scale studies examining mental health among transgender and nonbinary youth who receive gender-af fi rming hormone therapy (GAHT). The purpose of this study is to examine

How to deal with moral challenges around the decision-making competence in transgender adolescent care? Development of an ethics support tool

A practice-oriented ethics support tool to assist care providers when dealing with moral challenges around decision-making competence in transgender adolescent care and is an example of the development of innovative and integrative forms of thematic ethics support.

Assessment of Psychological Distress and Peer Relations among Trans Adolescents—An Examination of the Use of Gender Norms and Parent–Child Congruence of the YSR-R/CBCL-R among a Treatment-Seeking Sample

Examination of treatment-seeking sample of the Gender Identity Special Consultation for youth at the Charité Berlin found trans adolescents showed significantly higher internalizing and total problems than the German norm population, and congruence between self and parent report proved to be moderate to high.



Youth and Caregiver Perspectives on Barriers to Gender-Affirming Health Care for Transgender Youth.

"I Couldn't See a Downside": Decision-Making About Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy.

Non-binary youth: Access to gender-affirming primary health care

Primary care providers are well-situated to integrate a broad range of gender-affirming care services into practice in order to address the unique needs of non-binary youth.

Primary care access and foregone care: a survey of transgender adolescents and young adults

General practitioners can play a key role in improving the health of transgender youth by demonstrating understanding of the health care needs of Transgender youth and competence in gender-affirming care, and by ensuring that their practices are accessible to all transgender youth in need of care.

The Mental Health of Transgender Youth: Advances in Understanding.

Mental Health of Transgender Children Who Are Supported in Their Identities

Socially transitioned transgender children who are supported in their gender identity have developmentally normative levels of depression and only minimal elevations in anxiety, suggesting that psychopathology is not inevitable within this group.

Puberty suppression in adolescents with gender identity disorder: a prospective follow-up study.

INTRODUCTION Puberty suppression by means of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa) is used for young transsexuals between 12 and 16 years of age. The purpose of this intervention is to

The competency of children and adolescents to make informed treatment decisions.

The findings do not support the denial of the right of self-determination to adolescents in health-care situations on the basis of a presumption of incapacity, and children as young as 9 appear able to participate meaningfully in personal health- Care decision making.