Adipose triglyceride lipase affects triacylglycerol metabolism at brain barriers.
The respective roles of monoacylglycerol lipase and hormone-sensitive lipase in the sequential hydrolysis of adipose tissue triacylglycerols have been examined. An adipose tissue preparation, containing both lipases in approximately the same proportion as in the intact tissue, hydrolyzed emulsified tri- or dioleoylglycerol to fatty acids and glycerol, with little accumulation of di- or monooleoylglycerol. Selective removal of the monoacylglycerol lipase by immunoprecipitation markedly reduced the glycerol release. Isolated hormone-sensitive lipase hydrolyzed acylglycerols with a marked accumulation of monoacylglycerol in accordance with the positional specificity of this enzyme (Fredrikson, G. and Belfrage, P. (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 14253-14256). Addition of increasing amounts of isolated monoacylglycerol lipase led to a corresponding increase in glycerol release, due to hydrolysis of the monoacylglycerols formed. The reaction proceeded to completion when the relative proportion of the two lipases was similar to that in the intact tissue. These findings indicate that hormone-sensitive lipase catalyzes the hydrolysis of triacylglycerol in the rate-limiting step of adipose tissues lipolysis, and of the resulting diacylglycerol, whereas the action of monoacylglycerol lipase is required in the final hydrolysis of the 2-monoacylglycerols produced.