IP3 receptor signaling and endothelial barrier function
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is a second messenger which induces Ca2+ release from an intracellular store. We have investigated the properties of the [32P]IP3 binding sites in rat liver. Two specific [32P]IP3 receptors with KD of 2.3 and 88 nM and respective capacities of 33 fmol/mg protein and 195 fmol/mg protein have been detected in a crude membrane fraction prepared from rat liver homogenate. The pretreatment of the liver with IP3-dependent hormones increased two-fold the capacity of the high affinity site. This effect was partly reversed by dibutyryl cyclic AMP. Permeabilized hepatocytes also displayed two [32P]IP3 binding sites with KD of 1.5 and 84 nM and respective capacities of 8 and 300 fmol/10(6) cells. We have measured the [32P]IP3 binding and the IP3-induced 45Ca2+ release in the same batch of permeabilized hepatocytes. In a low Mg2+ medium, the EC50 for 45Ca2+ release was in close correlation with the KD for the low affinity site. These data suggest that an equilibrium between two states of the IP3 receptor is regulated by hormone action and the low affinity state is responsible for the intracellular Ca2+ release.