Hormonal changes following an acute stress in control and somatostatin-immunized pigs.


Sixteen Yorkshire pigs (49 +/- 2 kg BW at 17 weeks) were immunized against somatostatin (SRIF; 4 males, 4 females) or its conjugated protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA; controls; 4 males, 4 females). Immunizations were done at 10, 12 and 14 weeks of age. Jugular vein cannulae were surgically inserted at 17 weeks of age. Five d later, half of each sex from the control and SRIF-immunized groups were stressed. The other half were subjected to the same stress 48 hr later. On both days, remaining animals were used as unstressed controls. The stress consisted of 5 min of snare restraint. Blood samples were collected from all pigs on both days at -20, -15, -10, -5, 0 (beginning of stress), 2, 6, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180 and 240 min. Samples were radioimmunoassayed for cortisol, growth hormone (GH), prolactin (Prl), insulin, triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). Mean antibody titers against SRIF (1:150 dilution) at 15 weeks were 0.49 +/- .09% and 54.5 +/- 4.9% for control and SRIF immunized pigs, respectively. Gender and immunization against SRIF had no effect on any of the variables measured (P greater than 0.05), except for T3 levels which were greater in females than in males (P less than 0.05). The stress by time of sampling interaction was significant (P less than 0.01) for all hormones measured. Cortisol values almost tripled within 15 min of stress, reaching concentrations above 100 ng/mL. Maximal increases were seen at 2 min for T4 (14%), at 6 min for T3 (36%), at 15 min for Prl (46%) and at 10 min for insulin (141%). An increase of 129% in GH concentration was present at 20 min in stressed pigs; however, an increase of 97% was also seen at 120 min in control pigs. Concentrations of IGF-I decreased (21%) by 60 min in the stressed pigs and remained depressed for up to 150 min. Stress associated with snare restraint, therefore, induces major changes in the concentrations of a series of hormones in growing pigs. On the other hand, immunization against SRIF did not alter any of the hormonal profiles measured. Since snare restraint is widely used to handle pigs during jugular puncture, any study of hormonal secretion in this species should be carried out under carefully controlled conditions in terms of blood sampling technique.

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@article{Farmer1991HormonalCF, title={Hormonal changes following an acute stress in control and somatostatin-immunized pigs.}, author={Chantal Farmer and Pascal Dubreuil and Yvon Couture and Paul Brazeau and Denis Petitclerc}, journal={Domestic animal endocrinology}, year={1991}, volume={8 4}, pages={527-36} }