Hormonal and immunological mechanisms mediating sex differences in parasite infection.

@article{Klein2004HormonalAI,
  title={Hormonal and immunological mechanisms mediating sex differences in parasite infection.},
  author={Sabra L Klein},
  journal={Parasite immunology},
  year={2004},
  volume={26 6-7},
  pages={
          247-64
        }
}
The prevalence and intensity of infections caused by protozoa, nematodes, trematodes, cestodes, and arthropods is higher in males than females. The primary thesis of this review is that immunological differences exist between the sexes that may underlie increased parasitism in males compared to females. Several field and laboratory studies link sex differences in immune function with circulating steroid hormones; thus, the roles of sex steroids, including testosterone, oestradiol, and… CONTINUE READING

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