Horizontal Inequalities and Ethnonationalist Civil War: A Global Comparison

  title={Horizontal Inequalities and Ethnonationalist Civil War: A Global Comparison},
  author={Lars-Erik Cederman and Nils B. Weidmann and Kristian Skrede Gleditsch},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  pages={478 - 495}
Contemporary research on civil war has largely dismissed the role of political and economic grievances, focusing instead on opportunities for conflict. However, these strong claims rest on questionable theoretical and empirical grounds. Whereas scholars have examined primarily the relationship between individual inequality and conflict, we argue that horizontal inequalities between politically relevant ethnic groups and states at large can promote ethnonationalist conflict. Extending the… 
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