Hopes Dashed and Dreams Fulfilled: Contingencies of Self-Worth and Graduate School Admissions

@article{Crocker2002HopesDA,
  title={Hopes Dashed and Dreams Fulfilled: Contingencies of Self-Worth and Graduate School Admissions},
  author={Jennifer Crocker and Samuel R. Sommers and Riia K. Luhtanen},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={2002},
  volume={28},
  pages={1275 - 1286}
}
James (1890/1950) argued that self-esteem fluctuates around a typical level in response to successes and failures in domains on which self-worth is staked. In a test of James’s hypothesis, 32 students applying to graduate school completed a measure of contingencies of self-worth, and then for 2 months reported global self-esteem twice a week and any day they heard from a graduate program. As predicted, participants who were higher in basing their self-esteem on academic competence showed… 

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