Hopelessness in adolescents.

  title={Hopelessness in adolescents.},
  author={David Lester},
  journal={Journal of affective disorders},
BACKGROUND The hopelessness scales devised by Beck and by Kazdin have been used in hundreds of studies of both non-clinical and clinical samples. The present study identified non-clinical adolescent samples to see if the mean scores differed by age, sex, year of publication of the study, and nation. METHODS Studies of school students administered the Beck Hopelessness Scale or the Kazdin Hopelessness Scale for Children were identified from a literature search using PsycINFO and the search… CONTINUE READING
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