Hopelessness depression as a distinct dimension of depressive symptoms among clinical and non-clinical samples.

@article{Joiner2001HopelessnessDA,
  title={Hopelessness depression as a distinct dimension of depressive symptoms among clinical and non-clinical samples.},
  author={Thomas E Joiner and Robert A. Steer and Lyn Y. Abramson and Lauren B. Alloy and Gerald I. Metalsky and Norman Bradley Schmidt},
  journal={Behaviour research and therapy},
  year={2001},
  volume={39 5},
  pages={523-36}
}
Subtyping depression has been an interest of theorists and clinicians for at least four centuries. In this paper, we examined the validity of the symptom cluster component of the hopelessness theory of depression. We used structural equation modeling analyses on large samples of psychiatric outpatients (N=1604, 844, and 680) and Air Force cadets (N=1404) who completed the items of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Findings were supportive of the hopelessness depression cluster as a distinct… CONTINUE READING
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