Hopelessness depression: A theory-based subtype of depression.

@article{Abramson1989HopelessnessDA,
  title={Hopelessness depression: A theory-based subtype of depression.},
  author={Lyn Y. Abramson and Gerald I. Metalsky and Lauren B. Alloy},
  journal={Psychological Review},
  year={1989},
  volume={96},
  pages={358-372}
}
Summary and Future Directions On the basis of the aforementioned studies, the hopelessnesstheory appears promising. However, further research is needed.For example, although powerful tests of the attributional diath-esis-stress component have been conducted, no one has exam-ined the cognitive diatheses of inferring negative consequencesor characteristics about the self or whether the cognitive stylediathesis-stress interaction predicts clinically significant de-pression. Moreover, it is crucial… 
Evaluating the hopelessness model of depression: diathesis-stress and symptom components.
TLDR
The hopelessness subtype differed from other major depressions with respect to symptom profile, however, the differences in symptomatology were not wholly consistent with the predictions of the hopelessness model.
Hopelessness Theory of Depression: Tests of the Symptom Component
This study used a short-term prospective designin an unselected sample of undergraduates to test fivehypotheses derived from the symptom component of thehopelessness theory of depression (Abramson,
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The hopelessness theory proposes that depressogenic inferential styles about the self, consequences, and causes serve as vulnerability factors to hopelessness depression. Previous research on the
Cognitive-behavioural theories of helplessness/hopelessness: Valid models of depression?
TLDR
The review of the literature suggests that those cognitive models describing helplessness/hopelessness as trait factors mediating depression do not really have a strong empirical base, but there is a relevant impact of the learned helplessness paradigm on preclinical research in neurobiological correlates of depressive states.
A Prospective Test of the Hopelessness Theory of Depression in Adolescence
Depression increases sharply during adolescence. This study prospectively investigated etiological predictions from the hopelessness theory of depression (Abramson, Metalsky, & Alloy, 1989) among a
The Hopelessness Theory of Depression: Clinical Utility and Generalizability
To date, “basic” research has dominated the empirical literature on hopelessness theory. The next logical step in this area of research is to determine if the theory can be used to help people. We
Hopelessness Depression in Children: An Examination of the Symptom Component of the Hopelessness Theory
The goal of the current study was to test the symptom component of the hopelessness theory of depression in a sample of 39 children between the ages of seven and 13 currently exhibiting clinically
Toward an understanding of the cognitive etiology of depressive reactions to life stressors: An evaluation of the hopelessness theory of depression
Abramson, Metalsky, and Alloy's (1989) theory of hopelessness depression is the most recent model of depression to emerge from the learned helplessness tradition (Seligman, 1975). Hopelessness theory
Trial of Hopelessness Theory by the Use of Modelling. New Psychometric Data on the Hopelessness Depression Symptom Questionnaire
IntroductionAccording to hopelessness theory, one proximal and sufficient cause for symptoms of depression is the expectancy that the desirable results shall not occur or that high aversive results
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