Hopelessness and Violence Among Inner-City Youths

  title={Hopelessness and Violence Among Inner-City Youths},
  author={John M. Bolland and Debra Moehle McCallum and Brad E. Lian and Carolyn J. Bailey and Paul Rowan},
  journal={Maternal and Child Health Journal},
Objectives: Ethnographic literature on inner-city life argues that adolescents react to their uncertain (and objectively bleak) future by abandoning hope; this, in turn, leads them to engage in risk behaviors, including violence, with considerable frequency. This study empirically measures the pervasiveness of hopelessness and uncertainty about the future among inner-city adolescents and documents the link between hopelessness, uncertainty, and risk behavior. Methods: We surveyed a sample of… CONTINUE READING

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