Hope and recovery from substance abuse for female drug offenders in Taiwan.


This study was designed to fulfill a twofold purpose. First, based on the hope theory framework and previous research, a 16-session hope-based substance abuse treatment program to help female drug abusers achieve a better recovery was developed. Second, ANCOVA was used to test the effectiveness of this treatment model. The participants were 40 female drug… (More)
DOI: 10.1177/0306624X11426418